Step 1 ~ Text ~

DAN: You're working hard, George. What are you doing?

GEORGE: I'm making a bookcase. Give me that hammer please, Dan.

DAN: Which hammer? This one?

GEORGE: No, not that one. The big one.

DAN: Here you are.

GEORGE: Thanks, Dan.

DAN: What are you going to do now, George?

GEORGE: I'm going to paint it.

DAN: What colour are you going to paint it?

GEORGE: I'm going to paint it pink.

DAN: Pink!

GEORGE: This bookcase isn't for me. It's for my daughter, Susan. Pink's her favourite colour.

参考译文

丹:你干得真辛苦,乔治。你在干什么呢?

乔治:我正在做书架。请把那把锤子拿给我,丹。

丹:哪一把?是这把吗?

乔治:不,不是那把。是那把大的。

丹:给你。

乔治:谢谢,丹。

丹:你现在打算干什么,乔治?

乔治:我打算把它漆一下。

丹:你打算把它漆成什么颜色的?

乔治:我想漆成粉红色。

丹:粉红色!

乔治:这个书架不是为我做的,是为我女儿苏珊做的。粉红色是她最喜欢的颜色。 

Step 2~ Notes on the text ~

You're working hard, George. 你干得真辛苦,乔治。

在这句话中hard是一个副词,修饰动词work,有“努力地”,“费劲地”的意思。hard还常常与表示动词、举止的动词连用,如work,listen,play,try等,用来加强动作的强度,常译成“拼命地”。

What are you going to do now, George? 你现在准备干什么,乔治?

be going to,是打算、准备、按计划在最近做某事,表示将来。请参见本课语法部分。

Pink's = Pink is。

Paint it pink. 漆成粉红色。

it指bookcase,是宾语,pink是宾语补足语。

It's for my daughter, Susan. 是为我的女儿苏珊做的。

Susan作my daughter的同位语。

Step 3 ~ Grammar in use ~

将来时be going to

 将来时be going to的形式由am/is/are going to + 动词原形构成。

 将来时be going to的用法

A 表示“打算”、“准备”在最近。(在非正式语体中,一般多用be going to,而不用will。)

I am going to put it on the floor. 我打算把它放在地板上。

He is going to paint the bookcase tomorrow. 他准备明天给书架刷漆。

B 表示按计划、安排要发生的事。

The metting is going to begin at nine. 会议将在9点开始。

Where are you going to build the road? 你们将在什么地方筑路?

C 表示预言一件事即将发生。

The meeting is going to begin at nine. 会议将在9点开始。

It's going to rain! 天要下雨了!

She's going to faint! 她要晕倒了!

 be going to的疑问式与否定式

A 将助动词be提至句首可将陈述句变为一般疑问句。如:

Geogre is going to paint it pink. 乔治打算把它刷成粉红色。→

Is George going to paint it pink? 乔治打算把它刷成粉红色吗?

B 在助动词后面加上not可以得到否定句。如上句可变为:

Geogre is not going to paint it pink. 乔治不打算把它刷成粉红色。

Step 4 ~ Word study ~

paint

 v. 上漆,涂

What colour is George going to paint it? 乔治准备把它漆成什么颜色的?

 v. (用颜料)画

Who painted this picture? 这幅画是谁画的?

 v. 描写;描绘

His novel paints a peaceful picture of the country life in Europe. 他的小说描绘了有关欧洲乡村生活的宁静画面。

 n. 油漆;涂料;颜料

Wet Paint! 油漆未干!

I bought a box of paints. 我买了一盒颜料。

work

 v. 工作;劳动;

He works 45 hours per week. 他每周工作45个小时。

 v. 从事职业;

He works as a bank clerk. 他是一名银行职员。

 v. 学习;做作业;

If you work hard, you'll pass your exams. 如果你用功的话,你就会考试通过。

 n. 工作;劳动;作业;职业;

He wants to have a good sleep after a day's work. 在一天的工作之后,他想好好睡上一觉。

The students finished all their work in class. 学生们当堂把全部作业都完成了。

He is without work. 他失业了。

Step 5 ~ Exercises ~

一、Read the situations. What do you say in each? 根据以下情景写出你应该说的话。(必做)

 someone wants a book and you hand it to him or her. What do you say?

 You wat to know what someone will do next. What do you say?

二、Write questions and answers. 模仿例句提问并回答。(选做)

Example:

paint this bookcase

What are you going to do?

I'm going to paint this bookcase.

What are you doing now?

I'm painting this bookcase.

1. shave

2. wait for a bus

3. do my homework

4. listen to the stereo

5. wash the dishes 

三、Comeplete these sentences using am, is or are. 完成以下句子,用am,is或are填空。必做)

Example:

What are you doing? We are reading.

 What       you doing? We       reading.

 What       they doing? They       doing their homework.

 What       he doing? He       working hard.

 What       you doing? I       washing the dishes.


新概念英语第一册Lesson 37 mp3听力及课文讲解: http://insuns.com/article/4335-1.html