Step 1 ~ Text ~

This is a photograph of our village. Our village is in a valley. It is between two hills. The village is on a river.

Here is another photograph of the village. My wife and I are walking along the banks of the river. We are on the left. There is a boy in the water. He is swimming across the river.

Here is another photograph. This is the school building. It is beside a park. The park is on the right. Some children are coming out of the building. Some of them are going into the park.

参考译文

这是我们村庄的一张照片。我们的村庄坐落在一个山谷之中。它位于两座小山之间。它靠近一条小河。

这是我们村庄的另一张照片。我和妻子正沿河岸走着。我们在河的左侧。河里面有个男孩。他正横渡小河。

这是另一张照片。这是学校大楼。它位于公园的旁边。公园在右面。一些孩子正从楼里出来。他们中有几个正走进公园。 

Step 2 ~ Notes on the text ~

This is a photograph of our village. 这是我们村庄的一张照片。

句中of是介词,表示“……的”。如:

the windows of a room 房间的窗户。

It is between two hills. 它位于两座小山之间。

句中It指village。between是介词,表示“在……(两者)之间”。如:

The man is standing between two policemen. 这个男人正站在两名警察之间。

along the banks of the river 沿着河岸

along 为介词,表示“沿着”。

He is swimming across the river. 他正横渡小河。

across 为介词,表示“通过”某个平面。

beside a park 位于公园旁边

beside 为介词,表示“在……旁边”。

Step 3 ~ Grammar in use ~

短语动词

 短语动词通常是指后面跟一个介词或副词短语的动词,即动词+介词或副词小品词。英语(特别是在非正式的、惯用的英语)中存在着一种用动词短语代替与其同义的单个动词的强烈趋势。如听到敲门声,我们会说Come in而不会用Enter来表达。最常见的短语动词是由英语中最短小和最简单的动词构成的,这些动词常与表示位置或方向的词组合,如along,down,in,off,on,out,over,under等。例如:

The cats are running along the wall. 猫正沿着墙跑。

The children are jumping off the branch. 孩子们正从树枝上跳下来。

 不仅一个单个动词可以同大量的介词或副词小品词一起构成短语动词,而且一个短语动词本身也可能有几种不同的意义。

Step 4 ~ Word study ~

go into

 走进,进入

He is going into a shop. 他正走进一家商店。

 进入,介入

They're going into the business world. 他们正步入商界。

sit on

 坐在……上

The children are sitting on the grass. 孩子们正坐在草地上。

 <口>拖延,压下

They are trying to sit on the bad news as long as possible. 他们正试图尽可能拖延时间不把这个坏消息讲出去。

run along

 沿着……跑

The dogs are running along the river banks. 狗正沿着河岸跑。

 离开,走开

It's getting dark, we must run along. 天黑了,我们得走了。

 Step 6 ~ Exercises ~

一、Choose and write in the correct prepositions. 用正确的介词填空。(必做)

 The women are going       the shop. (on / into)

 Our house is       two villages. (between / beside)

 The boats are going       the bridge. (over / under)

 The pane is flying       the hills. (beside / over)

 The children are jumping       the wall. (out of / off)

 The cat is jumping       the tree. (along / out of)

二、Write questions and answers. 模仿例句提问并回答。(选做)

Example:

boy swimming/across the river

Where is the boy swimming? He's swimming across the river.

children going/into the park

Where are the children going? They're going into the park.

1. man going/into the shop

2. woman going/out of the shop

3. he sitting/beside his mother

4. they walking/across the street

5. the cats running/along the wall

6. the children jumping/off the branch

7. man standing/between two policemen

8. she sitting/near the tree

9. it flying/under the bridge

10. the aeroplane flying/over the bridge

11. they sitting/on the grass

12. the man and the woman reading/in the living room

三、Comeplete these sentences. 模仿例句用现在进行时完成以下句子。必做)

注意:如果单音节动词仅有一个元音字母而其后跟一个辅音字母时,变成现在分词时要将此辅音字母双写。

Example:

put - putting

put ... He is putting on his coat.

 swim ... He is       across the river.

 sit ... She is       on the grass.

 run ... The cat is        along the wall.


新概念英语第一册35课mp3听力及课文讲解: http://insuns.com/article/4334-1.html