Step 1 ~ Text ~

It is a fine day today.

There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining.

Mr. Jones is with his family.

They are walking over the bridge.

There are some boats on the river.

Mr. Jones and his wife are looking at them.

Sally is looking at a big ship.

The ship is going under the bridge.

Tim is looking at an aeroplane.

The aeroplane is flying over the river.

参考译文

今天天气好。

天空中飘着几朵去,但阳光灿烂。

琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。

他们正在过桥。

河上有几艘船。

琼斯先生和他的妻子正在看这些船。

莎莉正在观看一艘大船。

那船正从桥下驶过。

蒂姆正望着一架飞机。

飞机正从河上飞过。 

Step 2 ~ Notes on the text ~

It is a fine day today. 今天天气好。

句中的it是指天气。又如:Is it cold today? No, it isn't.今天冷吗?不,不冷。

some clouds 几朵云

some既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词。如:some tables 一些椅子(可数名词),some milk 一些牛奶(不可数名词)

There are some clouds in the sky, but the sun is shining. 天空中飘着几朵云,但阳光灿烂。

这句是并列句,由两个分句构成,连词but表明分句之间存在着对比及转折关系。两分句之间大多要用逗号,有时可不用逗号。

Mr. Jones is with his family. 琼斯先生同他的家人在一起。

句中with是介词,表示“和……一起”。family是指“家里的人”或“家庭成员”。

They are waking over the bridge. 他们正在过桥。

 句中的over 有“穿过”的意思。又如:

The aeroplane is flying over the river. 飞机正在河上飞过。

The birds are flying over the house. 鸟儿在屋上飞过。

 over还可表示“在……上方”(不接触表面),如:

The sky is over our heads. 天空在我们头顶上。

There are some boats on the river. 河上有几艘船。

句中on意为“在……上面”(接触表面)。又如:There is a book on the table. 桌上有一本书。

The ship is going under the bridge. 那船正从桥下驶过。

句中under意为“在……下面(或下方)”。如:There is a dog under the tree. 树下有只狗。

ship一般指海洋中行驶的大船。boat一词指河中行驶的小船。另外:aeroplane(英语英语),airplane(美国英语),飞机(正式用语);plane,飞机(非正式用语)。

Step 3 ~ Grammar in use ~

现在进行时(2)

 现在进行时的形式是由be的现在时形式+现在分词形式构成。当句中主语名词为复数或人称代词为第2人称或第3人称复数时,be的现在时形式应为are。

what are the cooks doing? Are they washing dishes? 这些厨师在干什么?在洗盘子吗?

No, they aren't washing dishes. They're cooking. 没有,他们没在洗盘子。他们正在烹饪。

 现在进行时的各种形式(包括缩略形式)列表如下:

Step 4 ~ Word study ~

jump v.

 跳跃;跃过

They are jumping a ditch. 他们正跃过一个深沟。

They jumped off the wall and ran off. 他们从墙上跳下去跑掉了。

 略去;跳过

He jumped the first grade in collage. 他跳过大学一年级(指跳级直接升入二年级)。

 突然上升;猛增

They jumped the registration fees from £20 to £50. 他们把注册费从20英镑涨到50英镑。

His company's profits jumped surprisingly last year. 他所在公司去年的利润令人惊异地飞速增加。

sleep

 v. 睡觉

He sleeps for only 4 hours every night. 他每夜只睡4个小时。

I was so excited that I could hardly sleep. 我兴奋得无法入睡。

 n. 睡眠,睡觉

He had a good sleep last night. 他昨天夜里睡得很酣畅。

Step 5 ~ Exercises ~

一、Fill in the correct prepositions in the sentences. 用正确的介词填空。(必做)

with  under  over  at  in  on

 Mr. Jones and his family are walking       the bridge.

 Sally is looking       a big ship.

 The ship is going       the bridge.

 The children are       their mother and father.

 The sun is shining       the sky.

 There are some small boats       the river.

二、Write questions and answers. 模仿例句提问并回答。(选做)

Example:

the children/looking at the boats on the river

What are the children doing?

They're looing at the boats on the river.

1. the men/cooking a meal

2. they/sleeping

3. the men/shaving

4. the children/crying

5. the dogs/eating bones

6. the women/typing letters

7. the children/doing their homework

8. the women/washing dishes

9. the birds/flying over the river

10. they/walking over the bridge

11. the man and the woman/waiting for a bus

12. the children/jumping off the wall

三、Complete these sentences. 模仿例句用现在进行时完成以下句子。(必做)

Example:

take — taking

Take ... He is taking his book.

注意以下例句:如果动词是以-e结尾,变成现在分词要去掉-e,然后再加-ing。

 Type ...   She is                      a letter.

 Make ...   She is                      the bed.

 Come ...  He is                     .

 Shine ...  The sun is                     .

 Give ...    He is                      me some magazines.


新概念英语第一册Lesson 33 mp3听力及课文讲解: http://insuns.com/article/4333-1.html