Country (long form):The Holy See (State of the Vatican City)
Capital : Vatican City
Total Area :0.17 sq mi/0.44 sq km
(about 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC)

Population :890 (July 2001 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
Languages :Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Religions :Roman Catholic

There seem to be a confusion between the Vatican City State, the minuscule state that exists only since 1929, and the Holy See (of Rome), which is the entity which is active in all international relationships except those of a clearly territorial nature, such as membership of UPU (Universal Postal Union), INTELSAT, CEPT and UNIDROIT (International Institute for the Unification of Private Law).


No government would have much interest in relations with so tiny a state as Vatican City. But 172 states maintain diplomatic relations with the Holy See, and half of those that have accredited their ambassador to the Holy See find it worthwhile to have him or her resident in Rome, distinct from their ambassador to the Italian Republic.


The flag of the Vatican City State is as on your webpage, showing the arms with the silver key in the dexter position. When what is represented is the Holy See, not Vatican City State, the keys are reversed. Rather, when the state was set up in 1929, the keys in the arms of the Holy See, with the gold one in dexter position, were reversed to provide a distinctive symbol for the new entity. In the personal arms of the popes, the keys are, of course, arranged as in the arms of the Holy See: the other arrangement would be equivalent to treating him as merely the head of that little state.

梵蒂冈国旗就像我们的主页一样,展示了银钥匙绑住的武器摆在右侧。 看到的是代表的神圣,而不是梵蒂冈国家,钥匙是反着放的. 然而当国家在 1929年成立时, 圣堂武器上的钥匙是有一个金色的在右侧位置,把这个颠倒位置是为了体现国家新建突出特别的意义. 在罗马教皇手上的钥匙被当成圣堂的手臂:其他被等同为这个小国家的首领。