高频词汇Unit 2词汇部分(3)
  attention[tenn]
  n.①注意,关心,专心,留心call sb’s attention to sth.引起某人注意某事;pay attention to注意。②特别的照顾或处理,实际的考虑He gives all his attention to his car.他十分关心他的汽车。③立正姿势,立正口令come to/stand at attention 立正
  真题例句:As the potential First Lady, she would have the world’s attention.(2009.12阅读1)
  译文:作为潜在的第一夫人,她会吸引世界的注意力。
  attempt[tempt]
  n.&vt.尝试,试图;企图,努力made no attempt to do sth.未尝试做某事;in an attempt to do sth.尝试做某事;at the first attempt首次尝试;She will attempt to beat the world record.她决心要打破世界纪录。
  真题例句:Someone on the bridge is attempting to kill himself.(2003.9听力19题)
  译文:桥上有个人企图自杀。
  attribute[trbjut; trbjt]
  vt.~to.把……归因于,把(过错、责任等)归于 They attribute their success to their teacher’s encouragement.他们把成功归因于老师的鼓励。n.属性,特性Politeness is an attribute of a gentleman.彬彬有礼是绅士的本色。
  真题例句:Lapses cannot always be attributed to lack of concentration.(2003.9阅读3,35题)
  译文:失误不能总是归因于不集中精力。
  available[velbl;velbl]
  a.①现成可使用的,手边的,可利用的 Not enough data is available to scientists科学家掌握的数据不足。Funds are available to assist teachers.有可用来资助教师的资金。②可取得联系的,可得到的 Do you have a room available?你们有空房间吗?
  真题例句:The emphasis given to each of these functions vary from university to university, according to the views of the people in control and according to the resources available.(2008.6完形)
  译文:学校主管人员的观点及现有资料表明,不同的大学对于这些作用的侧重点是不同的。
  average[vrd]
  a.①平均的 the average age平均年龄②平常的,普通的average intelligence一般智力n.平均数,平均above/below average平均数之上/之下; on average平均来说; the average of 3, 8 and 10 3,8,和10的平均数 v.平均The rainfall averages 36 inches a year.年降雨量平均为36英寸。
  真题例句:It would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者).(2009.12快速阅读)
  译文:这将削减约平均成绩奖学金的三分之一,减少受援者的数量。
  avoid[vd]
  vt.避免,预防,避开,躲开 I just avoided running over the cat.我差一点儿轧着猫。Alan narrowly avoided an accident.爱兰死里逃生。avoid sb./sth.like the plague极力回避, 尽量躲开某人/某事物
  真题例句:Avoid using any contaminated food.(2009.6听力28题)
  译文:避免食用任何被污染的食物。
  award[wd]
  vt.~ sb.sth./~ sth.to sb.授予,给予;判给,裁定 She was awarded a medal for bravery.她因勇敢而获得奖章。n.奖,奖品,奖金;奖励an award presentation/ceremony 奖品的颁发(颁奖仪式)
  真题例句:My every achievement—jobs, research papers, awards—was viewed through the lens of gender(性别)politics.(2007.6阅读2)
  译文:我的每一项成就——工作、论文、获奖——都被通过性别政治的镜头来看待。
  awkward[kwd]采集者退散
  a.①尴尬的,棘手的an awkward silence尴尬的沉默;Philip’s remarks put her in an awkward position.菲利普的话使她很尴尬。②难操纵的,使用不便的 The heavy ax was awkward to use.这把重斧头不好用。③笨拙的,不灵巧的 I was always an awkward dancer.我跳舞一向是笨手笨脚的。
  真题例句:The shy girl felt awkward and uncomfortable when she could not answer her teacher’s questions.(1998.6词汇42题)
  译文:当不会回答老师的问题时,这位害羞的女孩觉得很尴尬,很不舒服。
  辨析awkward clumsy
  ①awkward侧重缺乏优雅、机敏和技巧。用于物时,指使用不便。
  ②clumsy指人时,侧重行动笨拙;指物时,侧重制作粗陋或体积、重量过大而呈现笨重。
2010年6月英语四级高频词汇巧记法(7): http://insuns.com/article/19556-1.html