高频词汇Unit 1词汇部分(3)
  accumulate[kjumjlet]
  vt.堆积,积累,积聚accumulate books收藏书籍vi.累积,聚积Dust had accumulated during her absence.她不在时灰尘积了起来。
  真题例句:Accumulated energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.(2002.1词汇52题)
  译文:地下集聚的能量必须以一种或其他方式释放出来,比如地震。
  辨析accumulate assemble gather collect
  四个动词意思相近。
  ①accumulate v.积累,积聚。指有规则地、逐渐地、不断地大量积聚(知识、财物等)。accumulate wealth 积聚财富。
  ②assemble vt.搜集,调集assemble forces调集兵力;assemble evidence收集证据vi.聚集(人或事为某种共同目的聚集在一起,为特定计划而统一行动等)。
  ③gather v.搜集;集合,使聚在一起
  ④collect v.收集, 采集; 领取; 使集合。
  accuracy[kjurs]
  n.准确(性),精确(性)predict sth.with great accuracy 极准确地预言某事物
  真题例句:They checked the accuracy of the map by testing 200 hair samples collected from 65 barber shops.(2009.6阅读2)
  译文:通过测试从65家理发店收集的200根毛发样本,他们核查了地图的准确性。
  accurate[kjurt]
  a.①正确无误的accurate statistics准确的统计②准确的,精确的take accurate aim 瞄得准
  真题例句:They were able to accurately place the hair samples in broad regions roughly corresponding to the movement of raid systems.(2009.6阅读2)
  译文:他们能够把头发样本准确地放在广泛地区,这些区域大致对应着袭击的行动。
  真题例句:The statistical figures in that report are not accurate.You should not refer to them.(2001.1词汇60题)
  译文:那份报告里的统计数据不准确。你不应该参考它们。
  achieve[tiv]
  vt.完成,实现,达到achieve one’s ambition实现抱负vi.成功,达到目的
  真题例句:Merit-based aid is aid offered to students who achieve excellence in a given area, and is generally known as academic and artistic merit scholarships.(2009.12快速阅读)
  译文:基于成绩的援助提供给在某一特定领域取得优异成就的学生,这也就是众所周知的学术和艺术价值奖学金。
  achievement[tivmnt]
  n.①成就,成绩a great achievement大成就②达到,完成,实现,取得
  真题例句:We still believe in rewarding superior achievements and know that these top students truly value the scholarship.(2009.12快速阅读)
  译文:我们仍然相信会以较高的成就作为回报,并且了解到这些优秀的学生真正地珍惜这个奖学金。
  真题例句:Imagination is a valuable quality and a motivating power, and stimulates achievement.(2008.12选词填空)

  译文:想象是一种可贵的品质,是成功的动力。
  acknowledge[knld]
  vt.①承认,承认……的权威(或主张)a generally acknowledged fact 公认的事实②告知收到,确认I acknowledged her letter at once.我马上告知收到了她的信。③对……表示谢忱,报偿to acknowledge the cheers of the crowd对大众的欢呼表示感谢
  真题例句:The executives acknowledge that they try to swing national eating habits to a food created in America…(2005.12阅读2)
  译文:主管承认他们尝试将全国的饮食习惯转向一种美国制作的食物。
  acquire[kwa(r)]
  vt.①取得,获得to acquire experience in how to do the work获得了做这工作的经验 ②学到to acquire a large vocabulary学到大量词汇;an acquired taste逐渐培养的爱好
  真题例句:Most students attend a university mainly to75the knowledge needed for their chosen profession.(2008.6完形75题)
  A acquire B accept C touch D grasp
  译文:大多数学生上大学主要是为了获取他所选择的行业所需的知识。
  解析:A。根据上下文,此处表达是获取知识的意思,acquire“获得(技能,知识等)”与knowledge 搭配符合句意。
  辨析acquire achieve attain
  三个动词都有“取得”之意。

  ①acquire:(经过努力)获得(知识、信息等)。
  ②achieve:实现目标,取得成功,着重在达到一定目的过程中所包含的技能和努力。
  ③attain:达到(目的等),取得(成就等),一种比较庄重的说法,常用于一般人能力不易达到的目的。
  activity[ktvt]
  n.①活动,行动outdoor activities户外活动 ②活跃,活力The house has been full of activity all day.房子里整天都很热闹。
  真题例句:Water and heat from volcanic activity are two basic conditions needed for life to form.(2009.12听力)
  译文:火山活动的水和热量是生命形成所必需的两个基本条件。


2010年6月英语四级高频词汇巧记法(3): http://insuns.com/article/19552-1.html