立足当前 着眼长远 在新的起点上合作共进
——在第六届中国东盟商务与投资峰会开幕式上的讲话
中国国务院副总理 李克强
2009年10月20日 广西南宁
Address at the Opening Ceremony of the Sixth China-ASEAN Business and Investment Summit
Vice Premier of PRC, Li Keqiang
Nanning, Guangxi
Oct. 20, 2009

尊敬的波松总理,各位贵宾,女士们、先生们、朋友们:

Honorable Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh,
Distinguished guests, Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,

第六届中国-东盟博览会刚刚开幕,中国-东盟商务与投资峰会又隆重举行。此次峰会以“中国-东盟自贸区与东盟一体化:合作共进”为主题,表明了中国东盟携手应对国际金融危机、推动经济融合、促进发展繁荣的共同意愿和行动。在此,我谨代表中国政府,对峰会的召开表示热烈的祝贺,对出席会议的东盟国家领导人和各位嘉宾表示诚挚的欢迎!

The sixth China-ASEAN Expo has just opened together with the grand China-ASEAN Business and Investment Summit. The summit took "China-ASEAN Free Trade Area and ASEAN Integration: Co-together" as its theme, showing the willingness and determination of both China and ASEAN to jointly promote economic integration, cope with the financial crisis, and boost economic development and prosperity. On behalf of the Chinese government, I hereby express my sincere congratulations to the opening of the Summit, and extend warm welcome to ASEAN state leaders and all the distinguished guests attending the summit.

中国与东盟各国地缘相近,文化相通,友好交往的历史源远流长。多年来,双方各领域合作不断深入,睦邻友好关系顺利发展,经贸合作作为中国东盟战略伙伴关系的重要基石,结出了丰硕成果。中国-东盟自贸区建设进程启动以来,双方贸易和投资快速增长,经济联系日益加深。目前,中国东盟已互为第四大贸易伙伴,今年前9个月尽管受到国际金融危机冲击,双边贸易额仍接近1500亿美元。双方相互投资不断扩大,至今累计已超过600亿美元。中国东盟经贸合作已经达到一个新的水平。

China and ASEAN countries are geographical neighbors and culturally connected with a long history of friendly contacts. In recent years, the two sides have been deepening cooperation in various fields and successfully developing the good-neighborly relations. Economic and trade cooperation has been an important cornerstone for the China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership, which has led to rich fruits. Ever since the construction of China-ASEAN Free Trade Area started in 2002, trade and investment between China and ASEAN have seen rapid expansion and deepening economic connections. Currently, the two sides are each other's fourth biggest trade partners. In the face of the global financial crisis, the two sides had seen bilateral trade volume nearing 150 billion U.S. dollars and mutual investment reaching 60 billion U.S. dollars in the first nine months of this year. The economic and trade cooperation between China and ASEAN has entered a new stage.

过去一年,世界经历了国际金融危机的严峻挑战。中国政府及时出台了应对国际金融危机的一揽子计划,东盟国家也采取了一系列刺激经济增长的举措。各国同舟共济,加强协作,应对危机取得初步成效。当前,中国经济形势总体向好,经济增幅逐月回升;东盟经济下滑趋势得到遏制,一些主要经济指标开始好转。中国和东盟经济出现积极变化,得益于各自的有效应对和有力举措,双方日益紧密的经贸合作也为克服困难提供了有力支撑。中国设立了总规模为100亿美元的“中国-东盟投资合作基金”,并将在今后3-5年内向东盟国家提供150亿美元贷款;中国还与印尼、马来西亚签署了双边本币互换协议,开展了跨境贸易人民币结算试点,促进了金融合作和经济发展。

In the past year, the world economy has faced the severe challenge of the financial crisis. The Chinese government rolled out a stimulus package to solve the crisis and lift its economy, while ASEAN countries have also adopted a series of stimulating measures. China has established a 10 billion U.S. dollar China-ASEAN Investment Cooperation Fund that would provide 15 billion U.S. dollars of credit to ASEAN countries in the next three to five years. China has also signed currency swap agreements with Indonesia and Malaysia and started cross-border yuan settlement services on a trial basis. China and ASEAN countries have joined hands to strengthen cooperation and made initial achievements in combating the crisis. Currently, the overall situation of China's economy is good and China is witnessing rising economic growth on a monthly basis; ASEAN members had also reined in economic downturn, as some of their key economic gauges have started to recover. The positive changes in the economies of both China and ASEAN members were benefited from their effective coping measures and stimulus packages, while the closer economic cooperation has also been an important support.

女士们、先生们!

Ladies and gentlemen!

中国和东盟国家人口达19亿,约占世界的1/3;经济总规模近6万亿美元,约占全球的1/9。中国-东盟自由贸易区地处太平洋和印度洋的交会处,是世界上人口最多的自贸区,也是重要的国际贸易通道、能源走廊和经济纽带,在世界经济格局中扮演着重要角色。中国和东盟作为全球经济体系中一个十分重要的新兴力量,近些年来经济快速发展,已成为当今世界上最具活力的经济体之一。中国与东盟大多数国家又处在工业化、城镇化发展时期,市场空间和增长潜力巨大,合作发展的前景十分广阔。

China and ASEAN countries hold a population of 1.9 billion, which accounts for one third of the world population, and a combined GDP of six trillion U.S. dollars, accounting for one ninth of the world's total. The China-ASEAN FTA, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, is the world's biggest FTA in terms of population, an important channel for international trade, an energy corridor and an economic bond. It plays a very important role in the world economic structure. As significant emerging powers in the global economic system, China and ASEAN countries have seen rapid economic development and become one of the most vigorous economies. Also, China and most of the ASEAN countries are going through the process of industrialization and urbanization with huge market space and potential in growth, indicating broad prospects in cooperation.

经过10年的不懈努力,中国-东盟自由贸易区将于明年1月1日如期建成。届时,中国和东盟国家90%的贸易产品将实现零关税,并将实质性地开放服务贸易市场。这是区域经济一体化进程中具有里程碑意义的一件大事,标志着双方经贸关系站在一个新的起点上。在世界经济尚未复苏的大背景下,如期建成中国-东盟自贸区,充分表明中国和东盟携手推进贸易和投资便利化、共同反对任何形式的贸易和投资保护主义的决心和信心。

After ten years of unremitting efforts, the China-ASEAN Free Trade Area (CAFTA) will be established as planned on Jan. 1, 2010.By then, zero-tariff treatment will be realized for 90 percent of the products traded between China and ASEAN countries, while the service trade market between the two sides will be opened in a substantial way. This is a significant milestone in regional economic cooperation, which marks that trade ties between China and ASEAN are to enter a new stage. We should further promote mutual economic and trade cooperation to a deeper level, as well as make joint efforts to boost the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment. We firmly oppose trade and investment protectionism in any form, so as to advance global economic recovery and sustainable prosperity.

综观全球,世界经济结构、国际金融经济秩序正酝酿重大变革和调整,能源、粮食等市场引人关注,应对气候变化成为热门话题,世界发展不平衡尤其是南北发展不平衡的状况需要改变。

Globally, the world economy is experiencing great changes and the international financial and economic order is going through major reforms. Changes in energy and grain markets have drawn world attention and dealing with climate change has become a hot topic. The imbalanced development of the world, especially the imbalanced development between developing countries and their developed counterparts needs to be altered.

我们应当立足当前,继续应对国际金融危机,保持宏观经济政策的连续性和稳定性,增强政策的针对性、有效性和可持续性,促进经济长期平稳较快发展,推动世界经济全面复苏;同时着眼长远,考虑“后危机”乃至更长一些时间,为适应未来发展变化做充分准备,调整经济结构,创新发展模式,促进经济转型,推动世界经济全面持续平衡发展。中国和东盟各国应顺势而为,抓住自贸区即将建成的机遇,拓展和加深经贸合作,促进彼此经济朝着更大规模、更高质量、更可持续的方向发展,为全球经济恢复增长和稳定繁荣作出贡献。在此,我提三点建议:

We should continue to see fighting the international financial crisis as the top task on the basis of the current situation, maintain the continuity and stability of the economic policies, and enhance pertinence, effectiveness and sustainability of such policies to ensure a fast and steady economic development and revive the world economy. At the same time, we should be far sighted and get prepared for future changes in the post-crisis period or even after that. We should push forward economic transformation and create new development mode to realize a comprehensive, continuous and balanced economic development. As the free trade area will be completed soon, China and ASEAN should seize the opportunity and expand and deepen economic and trade cooperation and boost their economies in a healthier and more sustainable manner. Here, I would like to make three proposals:

一是全面深化贸易合作。双方应根据已经达成的货物贸易、服务贸易的安排,充分交流意见,密切协作配合,简化政策程序,加大宣传力度,把自贸协定的优惠政策转化为实实在在的行动。在此基础上,进一步探讨和完善有利于贸易便利化的政策措施,为企业提供更为充分的法律保护,创造更为有利的贸易环境。在巩固传统商品贸易的同时,努力增加机电、高新技术等高附加值产品的进出口,不断扩大贸易规模,让企业实现更大的发展,使人民得到更多的实惠。

First, to deepen trade cooperation in an all-round manner. The two sides should put into concrete practice the preferential policies of the free trade agreement in accordance with the achieved agreement of trade and service. On which basis we should further study and complete policies conducive to easier market access and market liberalization, and provide sufficient legal protection to offer enterprises more opportunities for further development, so as to boost economy and improve people's livelihood. The China-ASEAN Custom-Trade Cooperation Forum will beheld this afternoon, where relevant parties should step up dialogue on intensifying cooperation, simplifying procedures and enhancing publicizing efforts, so as to put measures for trade convenience and liberalization into concrete practice.

二是突出加强投资合作。中国与东盟国家经济互补性强,生产要素各有优势,加强多边与双边投资合作,有利于优化区域资源配置。中国-东盟投资协议已全面生效,双方应共同努力,将投资便利化的措施落到实处。中国支持本国企业到东盟国家建立若干经济贸易合作区,推动集群式投资,发展地区经济,回报当地社会,同时欢迎东盟国家企业来华投资。公路、铁路、水运、通信等基础设施互联互通十分重要,应当予以重点投资。双方还应发挥各自优势,进一步加强农业、资源开发利用和新兴产业等方面的投资合作,更多地关注民生工程建设,以投资带贸易促发展,实现互利共赢。

Second, to prominently intensify investment cooperation. Economies of China and the ASEAN member states are complementary, with respective advantages in productive resources. Intensifying bilateral and multilateral investment cooperation will help optimize allocation of regional resources. Compared with trade exchanges, investment cooperation is apparently inadequate. There are both the necessity and potential for further expanding cooperation between China and ASEAN. The China-ASEAN Investment Agreement has become operational and China encourages domestic enterprises to establish several economic and trade cooperation zones in the ASEAN countries to promote collective investment, fuel regional economy and contribute to the local society. Meanwhile, China welcomes enterprises from ASEAN to invest in China. Both sides should provide support to construction of roads, railways, waterways and improvement of communication as the infrastructure construction are of great importance to mutual exchanges. The two sides should bring their advantages into play and further strengthen investment cooperation on agriculture, resources exploitation and emerging industries. More attention should be paid to the construction of livelihood projects, stimulate trade with investment and promote development with consumption, so as to achieve mutual benefits and win-win results.

三是积极推进次区域合作。开展次区域合作,可以更好地发挥地缘优势,更有针对性地推动地区发展。中方积极支持东盟经济一体化建设,鼓励企业参与东盟东部增长区、大湄公河、泛北部湾等次区域合作,使其成为经贸合作的新亮点。广西作为中国-东盟交流合作的重要窗口,在实施西部大开发战略的带动下,经济社会发展取得显著成就。去年,广西北部湾经济区开发开放规划已由中国政府批准实施。在应对国际金融危机中,广西经济保持了平稳较快发展的良好势头。面向未来,我们深入推进西部大开发的决心不会动摇,政策不会改变,力度还会加大。欢迎更多东盟企业到广西、到中国西部地区来投资兴业、共谋发展。

Third, to further step up sub-regional cooperation. Pushing forward sub-regional cooperation can better bring the geographical advantages into play and boost regional development. China will actively back the economic integration of the ASEAN countries and encourage enterprises to increase cooperation in East ASEAN Growth Area, Greater Mekong Subregion and Pan Beibu Gulf, so as to make them new highlights of cooperation. Guangxi, as an important platform and window for exchanges and cooperation between China and ASEAN, recorded remarkable social and economic achievements, helped by the country's western development program. Currently, to open and develop Guangxi Beibu Gulf has become a national strategy, and Guangxi's economy maintains sound development. Looking into the future, China will firmly push forward and enhance development in the western region. China welcomes more enterprises from ASEAN to invest in Guangxi and west China for mutual development.

女士们、先生们!

Ladies and gentlemen!

中国-东盟博览会、中国-东盟商务与投资峰会已连续举办六次。东盟国家领导人多次出席,各国工商界踊跃参加。会议办出了实效,得到了肯定。希望各位企业家、专家学者和政府官员充分利用博览会和峰会的平台,深入探讨发展之计,广泛寻求合作机遇,具体落实合作项目,努力开创中国-东盟合作共进的新局面。

The Expo and the Summit have been held for six consecutive years, with consistent supports from state leaders and active participation of commercial and industrial circles. It illustrates that the Expo and the Summit have made practical achievements. I hope all the entrepreneurs, experts and officials will make full use of the platform to thoroughly discuss development and widely seek cooperation opportunities, as well as contact old friends and make new friends, in joint efforts for mutual cooperation and common progress of China and ASEAN countries.

最后,祝第六届中国-东盟商务与投资峰会取得圆满成功!祝出席会议的东盟国家领导人和各位来宾在华工作愉快,身体健康!谢谢大家。

 


李克强副总理在第六届中国东盟商务与投资峰会的讲话: http://insuns.com/article/19135-1.html