十二、长句处理(Dealing with Long Sentences)

英语长句的特点是结构整齐,逻辑缜密,为了避免重复使用同一个词,用who、which或that代替主语和宾语,翻译时要注意根据意群,将其拆解为简单句,再根据逻辑关系综合使用倒置、重组和合并等手段译成地道的汉语。而汉语长句的特点是“形散神不散”,需要译员根据句子内在的逻辑进行重组,尤其在处理典型的“包孕型”长句时,译员应使用分流等技巧。

1、句首分流法

原文:至于人民币的完全可自由兑换,也就是说在资本市场上面也自由兑换,这个按照我们预定的改革进程是要往后,需要一定的时间。

译文:With regard to when the full convertibility of RMB can be realized, that is to say, the convertibility of RMB also under the capital account, according to our set schedule, that would take some time.

汉语中有不少以“对于”、“关于”、“至于”等分流词引导出的结构,英语也有分流引导词,如With regard to…, With reference to…, As for…, On the question of…,等等。

2、尾部分流法

原文:If you have a lot of personal freedom, some people may abuse it. But if you are so afraid of personal freedom because of the abuse, that you limit people’s freedom too much, that you pay, I believe, an even greater price in a world where the whole economy is based on ideas and information and exchange and debate and children everywhere dreams and feeling they can live their dreams out.

译文:假如可以拥有太多个人自由,有些人也许会滥用这些自由。但是如果因为太过于担忧自由被滥用就对个人自由心怀恐惧,那么人类的自由就会被限制太多,付出的代价会更大,因为现在的这个世界,整个经济发展是建立在思想、信息、交流、辩论的基础上;在这个世界里,孩子们都心怀梦想,而且相信梦想都会实现。

3、重组法

原文:So today, I want to talk to you about what I believe has to be the agenda of a leader of any enterprise-business ,government agency, university, hospital, bank anywhere in the world-the agenda regarding this technology.

译文:所以,今天我想和各位谈一谈信息技术,我认为它必定已列入世界各地企事业机关领导人的议事日程,不管是企业、政府部门、大学、医院还是银行。

4、倒置法

原文:We have to choose between a global market driven only by calculations of short-term profit, and one which has a human face; between a world which condemns a quarter of the human face to starvation and squalor, and one which offers everyone at least a free-for-all in which we ignore the fate of losers, and a future in which the strong and successful accept their responsibilities, showing global vision and leadership.

译文:我们是要一个由短期利润估算来驱动的全球市场,还是要一个富有人情味的全球市场?我们是要一个使世界四分之一的人口处于饥饿境地和恶劣环境,还是要一个为每个人提供致富机会和健康环境?我们是愿意现在陷于一场无视失败者命运的自私的混战之中,还是在未来成为高瞻远瞩、具领袖风范、勇于承担责任的强者和成功者?这一切都需要我们做出抉择。

5、合并法

原文: In recent history, China, as a nation, and we, as a people, have been through days of glory and times of despair. We have lived through days of hope, prosperity and glory. We have lived through days of despair, humiliation and hopelessness. The lesson is clear: the most precious possession of any nation or any people is the ability to chart one’s own future, to be the master of one’s destiny.

译文: 中华民族的近代历史经历了荣辱兴衰,这里的教训是明确的:一个国家一个民族最可贵的是能够规划自己的未来,掌握自己的命运。

6、概括法

原文:第二点,我们在香港回归以后,一直希望香港能早日走向繁荣。现在香港已经受到东南亚金融危机影响了。这样,港元在维持联系汇率。人民币贬值,对港元联系汇率将是很不利的,香港能顶得住吗?如果香港再下来以后,那么对我们整个大陆的经济又将发生什么影响呢?所以为了香港的经济稳定,人民币不能贬值,这是第二个影响。

译文:Second, we have always hoped that Hong Kong will move towards prosperity as quickly as possible after its return. Now Hong Kong is hit by the financial crisis and it is trying to maintain a pegged exchange rate. The devaluation of RMB is very unfavorable to the pegging. If Hong Kong collapses, the impact on the economy of the mainland areas will be huge. Therefore, RMB should not be devalued for the stability of Hong Kong.


《英语口译教程》口译技巧总结(六): http://insuns.com/article/19124-1.html