Section B

Passage One
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
A few years ago a young mother watched her husband diaper (给…换尿布) their firstborn son. “You do not have to be unhappy about it,” she protested. “You can talk to him and smile a little.” The father, who happened to be a psychologist, answered firmly, “He has nothing to say to me, and I have nothing to say to him.”

Psychologist now know how wrong that father was. From the moment of birth, a baby has a great deal to say to his parents, and they to him. But a decade or so ago, these experts were describing the newborn as a primitive creature who reacted only by reflex, a helpless victim of its environment without capacity to influence it. And mothers accepted the truth. Most thought (and some still do) that a new infant could see only blurry (模糊的) shadows, that his other senses were undeveloped, and that all he required was nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.

Today university laboratories across the country are studying newborns in their first month of life. As a result, psychologists now describe the new baby as perceptive, with remarkable learning abilities and an even more remarkable capacity to shape his or her environment including the attitudes and actions of his parents. Some researchers believe that the neonatal period may even be the most significant four weeks in an entire lifetime.

Far from being helpless, the newborn knows what he likes and rejects what he doesn’t. He shut out unpleasant sensations by closing his eyes or averting his face. He is a glutton for novelty. He prefers animate things over inanimate and likes people more than anything.

When a more nine minutes out, an infant prefers a human face to a head-shaped outline. He makes the choice despite the fact that, with delivery room attendants masked and gowned, he has never seen a human face before. By the time he’s twelve hours old, his entire body moves in precise synchrony (同时发生) to the sound of a human voice, as if he were dancing. A non-human sound, such as a tapping noise, brings no such response.


57. The author points out that the father diapering his first-born son was wrong because________.
A) he believed the baby was not able to hear him
B) he thought the baby didn’t have the power of speech
C) he was a psychologist unworthy of his profession
D) he thought the baby was not capable of any response

58. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A) A new infant can see only blurry shadows.
B) A new infant’s senses are undeveloped
C) All a new infant requires is nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
D) A new infant is actually able to influence his or her environment

59. What does the sentence “He is a glutton for novelty” probably mean?
A) The newborn is greedy for new food.
B) The newborn tends to overeat.
C) The newborn always loves things that are new to him.
D) The newborn’s appetite is a constant topic in novels.

60. According to the passage, it’s groundless to think that newborns prefer________.
A) a human face to a head-shaped outline
B) animate things to inanimate ones
C) human voice to non-human sounds
D) nourishment to a warm bassinet

61. What is the passage mainly discussing about?
A) What people know about newborns.
B) How wrong parents are when they handle their babies.
C) How much newborns have progressed in about a decade’s time.
D) Why the first month of life is the most significant four weeks in a lifetime.

Passage Two
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
Mobile office is the mutual product of economic,scientific,and social progress.Mobile office has become a solution that provides users with convenient, prompt, safe, reliable, and reasonably priced communications and office faculty anywhere anytime via the support of mobile interconnection platform(MIP)and its applications systems. Using mobile office and WAP technology, people can do their work anywhere anytime, can send and receive data via terminals such as mobile phone, and palm computer, and can surf the Internet.

When you leave your office to attend meetings or travel on business,what would happen to your business routine?Of course, faxes and e-mails would be still sent to your fax machine or e-mail box, but you cannot read them and make prompt reaction timely. When your clients need you to make some urgent modifications on your work and you are neither in the office nor carrying relevant documents, what can you do?Maybe you have to say “sorry” to the clients. But, your business will be affected,the clients will be unhappy and disappointed because of your delay,and you will lose a lot of business opportunities.
In fact, very frequently, you need to check, reply, distribute, modify, or read some materials when you are not in your office. You must get out of this dilemma. The best solution to normally handle your business anywhere anytime and not to disappoint your clients is to let your office “move” with you. With the development of communications technology, mobile office has become simpler and smaller, and even can be realized via one mobile phone with data communications function. Thus, mobile office has already been put into your pocket, and office mobility has been realized.

Mobile office has provided people with convenient, casual working environment, but at the same time it still has some unsatisfactory aspects such as mismatching equipment interface and inadequate battery. Nevertheless, we believe that with technical progress, people can certainly overcome all kinds of difficulties. Mobile office will realize the dream of completely free communication. Users will enjoy more colorful life and better working environment, and users’ living standard, working efficiency, and even enterprises’ production efficiency will certainly be immensely raised.


62. According to the passage, mobile office help you with the following except ________ .
A) keeping update with the latest news
B) checking e-mails any time one wants
C) conducting internet surfing
D) finding one’s true love in life

63. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the second paragraph?
A) You would lose a lot of business opportunities if you always delay your work.
B) You should read and reply faxes and e-mail timely.
C) When you leave your office your business routine might be damaged.
D) When you cannot meet the need of your clients you should immediately say sorry.

64. When you let your office “move” with you, you __________ .
A) will never let your clients down
B) you don’t have to stay at office anymore
C) you then find the best way to handle your business anywhere anytime
D) you no longer face the dilemma between work and life

65. It can be inferred from the passage that __________ .
A) mobile office communication is very cost-consuming
B) with the development of science, mobile office has eventually come to our life
C) people had no convenient and reliable communications and office faculty before
D) economic factors are essential in the operation of mobile office

66. According to the author, mobile office _________ .
A) would help achieve complete communication mobility
B) is too expensive to afford by small companies
C) has some fatal defects impossible to modify
D) is too complicated to operate in everyday business