题型总结:

1but 题型

2、场景题(线索词)

3主观题(找积极态度,正面评价)

4、客观题(数字题,听到什么选什么)

5、宏观题(中心思想题)

6、细节题(注意中间的提示词)

7、替换题

替换题paraphrase

1、词组与词的替换(一般题干中出现词组;选项中出现词)。

比如:call off = cancel

           behind schedule = late, delay

2、词与词替换(同义词或者反义词替换)

比如:interesting = stimulating, fascinating, not boring

[Test 1-2]

A) The teacher reviewed a previous lesson.

B) The teacher taught a new lesson.

C) The teacher postponed the class until Friday.

D) The teacher made the students write in class.

 

W: What did you do in class today?

M: The teacher went over last Friday’ s lesson.

Q: What did the teacher do?

注:go over = review

[Test 1-7]

A) He is often late for meals.

B) He is expecting a letter from abroad.

C) He wrote to his family last month.

D) He is anxious to go back home.

 

M: I haven’ t heard from my family since last month.

W: Don’ t worry, Bill. Overseas mail is often slow.

Q: What can we learn about the man from the conversation?

注:1. overseas = abroad

       2. hear from sb. 收到某人来信

           write to sb./ correspond with sb. 给某人写信

[Test 1-10]

A) The train is crowded.

B) The train is late.

C) The train is on time.

D) The train is out of order.

 

W: Excuse me. Do you know when the train will arrive?

M: I’ m sorry. The train is behind schedule. You have to wait another twenty minutes.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

注:1. out of order 顺序乱了;坏了(break down

        2. behind schedule = late

[Test 2-2]

A) He enjoys writing home every week.

B) He never fails to write a weekly letter home.

C) He doesn’t write home once a week now.

D) He has been asked to write home every week.

 

W: How often did you write home?

M: I used to write home once a week.

Q: What do you understand from the man’s answer?

注:be used to doing sth. = be accustomed to do sth./ adapt 习惯

       used to = was always/ not now 过去常常

[Test 2-10]

A) She got up later than usual.

B) The bus was late.

C) She forgot she had classes.

D) Her clock was slow.

 

M: Nancy, why were you late today?

W: I overslept and missed the bus.

Q: Why was Nancy late?

注:oversleep = get up later

回顾缺课原因:

1、生病get ill

2、睡过了头oversleep

3、交通问题traffic

[Test 3-1]

A) She paid $40.00 for the coat.

B) Her husband presented it to her as a gift.

C) She bought the coat on her fortieth birthday.

D) Her friend sent it to her as a birthday gift.

 

M: That’s a lovely coat you’re wearing.

W: Oh, thank you. My husband gave it to me for my fortieth birthday.

Q: What did the woman say about the coat?

注:1. give = present或者换人称后用receive from

        2. husband 口语中常说hubby

[Test 3-6]

A) The woman goes to school during the day and works at night.

B) The woman has to work to support herself.

C) The woman’s classes are not difficult.

D) The woman studies at night.

 

M: How do you manage to work and to go to school at the same time?

W: My classes are at night and I work during the day.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

注:classes对应studywork 对应job

[Test 3-8]

A) Tom survived the accident.

B) Tom was killed in the accident.

C) Someone saved Tom’s life.

D) It did little damage to Tom’s car.

 

W: It’s surprising that Tom came out of the accident alive.

M: That’ s true. The car crashed into the wall and was completely damaged.

Q: What was the consequence of the accident?

注:surivealive替换。

[Test 3-9]

A) The train is crowded.

B) The train is late.

C) The train is empty.

D) The train is on time.

 

W: I’ m sorry, sir. The train is somewhat behind schedule. Take a seat, and I’ll tell you as soon as we know something definite.

M: Thank you. I’ll just sit here and read a magazine in the meantime.

Q: What can we conclude about the train from the conversation?

注:behind schedule = late

[Test 6-3]

A) The doctor won’t see her tomorrow.

B) The doctor is busy tomorrow.

C) The doctor is busy all day today.

D) The doctor will see her today.

 

W: When can the doctor see me?

M: He won’t be free until tomorrow?

Q: What does the man mean?

注:free 空闲的(反面替换busy);免费的(反面替换pay

态度方向题、建议题(考得较少)

态度方向(Yes or No)题型

选项中一般有两个相反选项。短对话中第一个人提出一个观点或一个一般疑问句,第二个人的回答Yes or No,后面再进一步解释原因。

表示Yes”“赞同的一组词:And...I'll sayYou said it.You can say that again.and howisn't it, thougharen't they, thoughYou bet.Of courseCertainlyIndeedSure.

[Test1-4]

A) She agrees to lend him the car.

B) She offers him the car.

C) She refuses to lend him the car.

D) She is pleased to lend him the car.

 

M: Can I use your new car, Auntie?

W: Yes, of course, if you drive it carefully.

Q: What’s the aunt’s answer?

[Test 2-4]

A) The teacher postponed the meeting.

B) There won’t be a test this afternoon.

C) The students will be attending the meeting.

D) The students will take an English test this afternoon.

 

W: Shall we have an English test this afternoon?

M: It is postponed because the teacher has to attend a meeting.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

注:postpone = put off

[Test 2-5]

A) On the whole, she liked the film.

B) She didn’t see the film.

C) The film was very exciting.

D) The film wasn’t as good as she’d expected.

 

M: Did you like the film?

W: Not particularly. I was rather disappointed. I’d expected it to be much more exciting.

Q: What can we learn from this conversation?

注:film 胶卷;电影

    对电影(movie)的评价一般是负面的。比如:It's a waste of time. It's a waste of money. It isn't worth the price of admission. It got an awful review.

    对音乐会(concert)的评价都是正面的。

[Test 3-4]

A) The man went to the concert, but the woman didn’t.

B) The woman went to the concert, but the man didn’t.

C) The speakers did not go to the concert.

D) Both speakers went to the concert.

 

M: You didn’ t go to the concert last night either, did you?

W: No. I had a slight headache.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

表示No的一组词:Are you kidding/ joking/ serious?No kidding/ joking.Who told you that?Says who? Says you.

[Test 4-7]

A) Near the station.

B) In the countryside.

C) In the city.

D) Near her work place.

 

M: If I were you I’ d live in the city instead of going to work by train.

W: But the country is so beautiful in spring and fall.

Q: Where does the woman prefer to live?

注:1. If I were you... = You should...

       2. fall 秋天

       3. But 开头表示否定。

[Test 5-2]

A) He left his notes at home.

B) He doesn’t know where his notes are.

C) He doesn’t want to lend his notes to the woman.

D) He agrees to lend her his notes.

 

W: Do you mind if I borrow your notes?

M: No, of course not. They are on my desk.

Q: What does the man mean?

注:mind的回答相反。

[Test 5-5]

A) In New York.

B) In Boston.

C) In Newport.

D) In Washington.

 

W: Do you enjoy life in Washington?

M: Yes, indeed. I’m planning to move to New York or Boston. Anyway, I’ve never regretted my earlier decision.

Q: Where does the man live now?

[Test 5-9]

A) The man didn’t want the woman to have her hair cut.

B) The woman followed the man’s advice.

C) The woman is wearing long hair now.

D) The man didn’t care if the woman had her hair cut or not.

 

W: I wish my hair was longer.

M: Yes, pity you had it cut. If only you’d listened to me.

Q: What can we learn from the dialogue?

注:If only 后是虚拟语气,表示非常强烈的主观愿望。译为:如果是那样该多好。

比如If only he didn't smoke./ If he only didn't smoke.

           If only he postponed the exam.

理发场景线索词:

trim 修剪

bang 刘海

parting 头发分缝 I want to parting to the left.

back 背头 I want to all back.

pigtail 辫子

ponytail 马尾辫

ripple 小波浪

建议题型suggestion

第一个人有麻烦时,第二个人提出一个建议,或者安慰第一个人。

表示建议:

You should

You ought to (oughta)

Shouldn't youyou should 语气强烈的多

Why not

How about

What about

If I were you I would

had better

Let

[Test 1-1]

A) He lent her his extra pen.

B) He was afraid of losing his pen.

C) He offered her a pencil.

D) He said he didn’t have any extra ink.

 

W: Could you lend me a pen? Mine has just run out of ink.

M: I’m afraid I don’ t have an extra one. Would a pencil do?

Q: How did the man respond to the woman’s request?

注:do some good/ do any good/ help/ work 其作用,有帮助

[Test 3-2]

A) To keep his old car and get a new one.

B) To leave it in the garage to be repaired.

C) To sell his car for a new one.

D) To get his car repaired late.

 

W: You’re back late. I was worried. How’s the car? What did you find out about it?

M: The mechanic said that the best thing would be to sell it and get a new car. This car is to­tally dead.

Q: What will the man probably do with his car?

注:1. 生活态度:东西坏了,扔了,买个新的。

        2. mechanic 修理工

[Test 5-4]

A) Check the timetable.

B) Go to the railway station earlier.

C) Travel on a later train.

D) Cancel the trip earlier.

 

W: I’m afraid we are going to miss the 3 o’clock train.

M: Don’ t worry. We can get our tickets changed for this evening.

Q: What does the man suggest they should do?

注:timetable 时间表 schedule, hours

[Test 6-1]

A) Go out to work.

B) Listen carefully to John.

C) Be calm and patient.

D) Do the easiest thing.

 

W: I’m really angry at John. He never listens to me.

M: Take it easy, Alen. Things will work out.

Q: What does the man advise Alen to do?

注:work out 解决问题

短对话混合题

Test 11

Part Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding le tter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Example: You will hear:

               You will read:  A) At the office.      

                                     B) In the waiting room.

                                C) At the airport.     

                                     D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening.This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should chooseAon the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.

1. A) Skating.

B) Boating and swimming

C) Swimming.

D) Boating and skating.

 

2. A) Put her report on his desk.

B) Read some papers he recommended.

C) Mail her report to the publisher.

D) Improve some parts of her paper.

 

3. A) She loves doing anything that is new.

B) She wants to save money.

C) She takes it as a kind of exercise.

D) Her office isn’t very far.

 

4. A) A shop assistant.

B) A telephone operator.

C) A clerk

D) A waitress.

 

5. A) A postal clerk.

B) A taxi driver.

C) A bus conductor.

D) A railway porter.

6. A) Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers.

B) People should pay more attention to the danger of drunk driving.

C) Drunk drivers are not guilty.

D) She does not agree with the man.

 

7. A) $ 8.60.

B) $ 6.40.

C) $ 4.30.

D) $ 1.40.

 

8. A) Collect papers for the man.

B) Check the paper for typing errors.

C) Do the typing once again.

D) Read the whole newspaper.

 

9. A) The woman does not want to go to the movies.

B) The man is too tired to go to the movies.

C) The woman wants to go to the movies.

D) The man wants to go out for dinner.

 

10. A) On foot.

B) By bike.

C) By taxi.

D) By bus.

 

答案CDCDA BCBAD

1. A) Skating.

B) Boating and swimming

C) Swimming.

D) Boating and skating.

场景题

M: Boating and skating are my favorite sports.

W: I like swimming but not boating or skating.

Q: Which sport does the woman like?

 

2. A) Put her report on his desk.

B) Read some papers he recommended.

C) Mail her report to the publisher.

D) Improve some parts of her paper.

But题型;替换题

W: Have you finished reading my research report? I put it on your desk last week.

M: Yes, but you have to revise some parts of it, I’m afraid, if you want to get it published.

Q: What does the man suggest that the woman should do?

 

3. A) She loves doing anything that is new.

B) She wants to save money.

C) She takes it as a kind of exercise.

D) Her office isn’t very far.

场景题

M: Hi, Susan. I hear that you walk all the way to the office these days.

W: Yes. I have found great pleasure in walking. That’ s the type of exercise I enjoy very much.

Q: Why does the woman walk all the way to the office?

锻炼身体/减肥

keep fit 保持健康

loose weight/ take off weight 减肥

put on weight/ gain weight 发福

4. A) A shop assistant.

B) A telephone operator.

C) A clerk

D) A waitress.

场景题

M: How about the food I ordered? I’ve been waiting for twenty minutes already.

W: Very sorry, sir. I’ll be back with your order in a minute.

Q: What’s the woman’s job?

5. A) A postal clerk.

B) A taxi driver.

C) A bus conductor.

D) A railway porter.

场景题

W: Excuse me, sir. I’m going to send this parcel to London. What’s the postage for it?

M: Let me see. It’s one pound and fifty.

Q: Who is the woman most probably speaking to?

6. A) Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers.

B) People should pay more attention to the danger of drunk driving.

C) Drunk drivers are not guilty.

D) She does not agree with the man.

替换题

M: I think it’s high time we turned our attention to the danger of drunk driving now.

W: I can’ t agree with you better. You see, countless innocent people are killed by drunk drivers each year.

Q: What does the woman mean?

注:It's high time... 早就应该这么做了(表达强烈主观愿望,选项中找should

       It's time...

       It's right time...

       It's about time...

       It's just time...

7. A) $ 8.60.

B) $ 6.40.

C) $ 4.30.

D) $ 1.40.

数字题

W: Here’s a ten-dollar bill. Give me two tickets for tonight’s show, please.

M: Sure. Two tickets and here’ s a dollar forty cents change.

Q: How much does one ticket cost?

8. A) Collect papers for the man.

B) Check the paper for typing errors.

C) Do the typing once again.

D) Read the whole newspaper.

建议题

M: Are you sure you’ ye corrected all the typing errors in this paper?

W: Perhaps I’ d better read it through again.

Q: What’s the woman going to do?

9. A) The woman does not want to go to the movies.

B) The man is too tired to go to the movies.

C) The woman wants to go to the movies.

D) The man wants to go out for dinner.

But题型

M: Mary, would you like to go to the movies with me after dinner?

W: Well, I’ll go if you really want me to, but I’m rather tired.

Q: What can we conclude from this conversation?

10. A) On foot.

B) By bike.

C) By taxi.

D) By bus.

But题型

M: If I were you, I’d ride a bike to work. Taking a crowded bus during rush hours is really terrible.

W: Thank you for your advice, but my bike has got a flat tire.

Q: How would the woman most probably get to work?

沙云龙校长讲话:

优秀是一种习惯。

心理素质好最重要。

幸福是一种理解,不是一种存在。

自信

复合式听写

In police work, you can never predict the next crime or problem. No working day is identical to any other, so there is no “ (S1) _________” day for a police officer. Some days are (S2) _________ slow, and the job is (S3) _________; other days are so busy that there is no time to eat. I think I can (S4) _________ police work in one word: (S5) _________. Sometimes it’s dangerous. One day, for example, I was working undercover; that is, I was on the job, but I was wearing (S6) _________ clothes, not my police (S7) _________. I was trying to catch some robbers who were stealing money from people as they walked down the street. Suddenly, (S8) ___________________________. Another policeman arrived, and together, we arrested three of the men; but the other four ran away. Another day, I helped a woman who was going to have a baby. (S9) _________________________. I put her in my police car to get her there faster. I thought she was going to have the baby right there in my car. But fortunately, (10) ________________________________________.

 

答案

S1. typical    S2. relatively    S3. boring    S4. describe    S5. variety    S6. normal    S7. uni­form

S8. seven bad men jumped out at me; one of them had a knife, and we got into a fight.

S9. She was trying to get to the hospital, but there was a bad traffic jam.

S10. the baby waited to “arrive” until we got to the hospital.

如何简化:

S8. seven bad men jumped out at/ came to me and we got into a/ began a fight

S9. She was trying to get to/ going to the hospital, but there was a traffic jam.

S9. the baby arrived in the hospital

听写练习

Test 7 Passage 3 Dry ice

Test 3 Passage 2 T-shirt

20021月四级考试听力考题

Section A

1.    (A) She has to post a letter instead.           

      (B) She has to turn down the man’s request.

      (C) She’s not sure if the computer is fixed.  

      (D) She can’t send the message right now.

 

2.    (A) He didn’t get the book he needed.         

      (B) He had no idea where the book was.

      (C) The library is closed on weekends.       

      (D) He was not allowed to check out the book.

 

3.    (A) Play a tape recorder.

      (B) Take a picture. 

      (C) Repair a typewriter.

      (D) Start a car.

4.    (A) The woman rejected the man’s apology.  

      (B) The woman appreciated the man’s offer.

      (C) The man had forgotten the whole thing.   

      (D) The man had hurt the woman’s feeling.

 

5.  (A) The woman is meeting the man at the airport.

(B) They are complaining about the poor airport service.

(C) They are discussing their plan for Christmas.

(D) The man is seeing the woman off.

 

6.   (A) She plans to go to graduate school.

(B) She will drop out of school.

(C) She will stop working and concentrate on her studies.

(D) He will take a part-time job.

 

7.   (A) He needs another job as research assistant.

(B) He asked Professor Williams for assistance.

(C) He assists Professor Working and concentrate on her studies.

(D) He will take a part-time job.

 

8.   (A) She thought there were no tickets left for the show.

(B) She thought the seats on the left side were fully occupied.

(C) The show was planned a long time ago.

(D) The audiences were deeply impressed by the show.

 

9.   (A) Mr. Long’s briefing was unnecessarily long.

(B) The woman should have been more attentive.

(C) Mr. Long’s briefing was not relevant to the mission.

(D) The woman needn’t have attended the briefing.

 

10.    (A) In a bank.  

       (B) In a school.   

       (C) In a clothing store.  

       (D) In a barbershop


新东方英语四级听力30天学习笔记(3): http://insuns.com/article/17763-1.html