[Test 8-10]

A) Looking for a young lady.

B) Looking for her wrist watch.

C) Looking for a young gentleman.

D) Looking for a man wearing a wrist watch.

 

W: Excuse me, sir, but have you seen a young gentleman looking for his wrist watch?

M: A young man, Madam?

Q: What’s the woman doing?

[Test 9-2]

A) She doesn’t need the job.

B) She hasn’t got a job yet.

C) She has got a good job.

D) She is going to start work soon.

M: Congratulations! I understand you’ve got a job. When will you start to work?

W: You must be thinking of someone else. I’m still waiting to hear the good news.

Q: What does the woman. mean?

工作场景:

1、找到工作高兴。

2、失去工作伤心。

3、拒绝工作令人奇怪。

[Test 9-3]

A) She got home before 9 o’clock.

B) She had a bad cold.

C) She had a car accident.

D) She was delayed.

 

W: If it hadn’t been snowing so hard, I might have been home by 9 o’clock.

M: It’s too bad you didn’t make it. Jane was here and she wanted to see you.

Q: What happened to the woman?

听力中的虚拟语气:

1、与过去相反:might have/ could have/ should have 把后面内容反过来为正确选项。

2、与现在相反:if I were you I would 应理解成 you should

[Test 2-7]

A) He had to work overtime.

B) He was held up in traffic.

C) His car ran out of gas.

D) He had a traffic accident.

 

M: If the traffic wasn’t so bad, I could have been home by 6:00.

W: What a pity! John was here to see you.

Q: What happened to the man?

语气词总结:

1、糟糕系列:            4、赞同和否定系列:

     It's too bad.                                  Yeah.

     What a pity.                              You bet.

     Tuff luck.                                Uh huh.

     It's (really) tuff.                         

     Oh no.                             Nope.

     Uh uh

     Shit

     Fuck

2、吃惊系列:            5、脏话系列:

     (Oh) Boy!                                 dummy

     (Oh) Man!                                 idiot

     Oh my!                           moron

     Oh dear                   jerk

     Oh my God/ Goodness.                asshole

     Wow                s.o.b. = son of bitch

3、赞美系列:

     wonderful

     terrific

     my favorite

     cool

     super cool

     ultra cool  

[Test 9-5]

A) A writer.

B) A teacher.

C) A reporter.

D) A student.

 

W: Good evening, Professor David. My name is Susan Gray. I’ m with the local newspaper. Do you mind if I ask you a few questions?

M: Not at all. Go ahead, please.

Q: What is Susan Gray?

注:1. Do you mind if I ... 生活中常常省略为Mind if I ...  回答相反。

       2. Not at all. 理解成no

[Test 9-9]

A) The man went to Australia during Christmas.

B) The man visited Australia during the summer vacation.

C) The man didn’t have a good time because of the different weather.

D) The man remained home while his parents went to see his uncle.

 

W: Where were you on Christmas David? I called you several times and nobody was home.

M: My parents and I traveled to Australia to visit my uncle. It was quite an experience to spend Christmas in summer.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?

节日:Christmas 圣诞节;Valentine's Day 情人节

[Test 9-10]

A) To attend a party at a classmate’s home.

B) To do homework with her classmate.

C) To attend an evening class.

D) To have supper out with her classmate.

 

M: It’s seven o’clock already. Mary should be home by now.

W: Oh. I forgot to tell you that she called this afternoon and told me she was going to a par­ty at her classmate’s house and wouldn’t be home until 10.

Q: What did Mary say she was going to do?

健忘表达方式:

1. forgetful: He is forgetful.

                   Isn't he forgetfull? (有责备的语气)

                   How forgetful he is! (语气更强)

2. absent minded

表示人内向:

shy

embarrassed

keep to oneself

keep one's mind/ thought to oneself

conscious stream of consciousness 意识流)

self-conscious 自我意识

[Test 10-2]

A) They’re talking about nice children.

B) The man has a house for sale.

C) The woman lives in a nice house.

D) The man has three children.

 

W: Hi! I’ m calling about the three-bedroom house you advertised in yesterday’ s paper. It sounds really nice.

M: It is-especially if you have children.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

注:bedroom 卧室

        living room 起居室,客厅

        rest room 厕所

住房场景:

1、房子难找。

2、房子太贵。

3、房子太吵。

段子题:

词汇(很少考生词含义)

题材(抛弃题材,注重结构)

抓共性,总结规律

(一)解题步骤Procedure to follow

 1、看选项:找相同的词;找数字

在听题之前先看选项。四个选项纵向看,找相同的词,反复出现的词一定是段子所叙述的对象,确定文章的论述范围、论述主题。另外如果选项中有数字,迅速记下来,段子题中听到什么数字选什么,原则上不考数字计算。P64 Test14的第一个段子。

11. A) She sat back and relaxed.

      B) She decided to retire.

      C) She entered university.

      D) She worked out a new English program.

 

12. A) 8 years.

      B) 20 years.

      C) 16 years.

      D) 30 years.

 

13. A) Bring a great deal of useful experience to the university.

      B) Improve human relationships in the university.

      C) Bring a fear of aging among young students on the campus.

      D) Improve the reputation of the university.

 

14. A) She is learning English and Drama.

      B) She is learning how to make sound judgments.

      C) She is learning how to teach minority students.

      D) She is leaning to perceive, not to judge.

文章的结构类型:

1、介绍型 introduction:介绍新的概念。说明起源、发展过程、现状、展望未来,对我们的影响和用途(正负两方面)。【听力中常考】

2、讨论型 discussion:根据问题进行讨论,分析原因一、原因二,最后说明如何解决。

3、对比型 comparison:两种观点、流派、理论进行对比,比较两种的缺点,最后突出自己的观点。

2、听两头:选熟悉的选项。

文章的两头是一篇文章的重点,文章的开头是观点(Idea),文章的Topic。而中间是细节,是用来支持观点的论据(examples)。听段子,听结构。文章的开头与结尾要出考题。一般正确选项基本会是原文的重现(copy)。所以,最好能作到边听边记。

结尾提示词:1)有重复词出现。(2)表结果连词出现:therefore, so, that, as a result 等。

做题原则:听到什么选什么。

1、适合边听边看选项:选项短,问的是细节题,问题的顺序与行文顺序一致。

2、集中精力听完文章:选项长,主线题,问的是中心思想。

中间抓小词:极端词(细节题)

每个文章的题材不同,但考题有极大的共性。掌握了考题的共同特点,我们可以以不变应万变。文章可以听的不是很清楚,但几个重要的词一定要抓住。并在练习的过程中注重培养对这几个词的敏感。我们所要听的只有五个词:

First, most, because前三个百分百出考题】, only, just 【后两个常出考题】(but).

这五个词是经典的考点。其中如果First, Most, Because出现一定要出考题。JustOnly也非常重要,基本会出考题。其实,这一点在阅读中也有非常明显的体现。听到这些词意味着找到了正确选项。

五种逻辑关系:

1、并列:and

2、转折:but

3、让步:though, although, even though, in spite of, despite

4、因果:because

5、递进:

 用常识猜题:正常思维推理。

        听力考试的Section A的短对话是学生生活的场景对话。问其中一人的观点,诸如:What does the man mean?   What does the woman imply?不难发现,这样的考题是在问第三人的想法,非常主观。而相比之下,Section B的段子则截然不同,段子叙述的都是客观的事实。针对事实性的文章,我们应学会运用常识来推出正选项。文章开头抓名词,名词概念为文章讨论的对象。如一题中问:What is the topic of this talk? 选项中找electric carWhat is the advantage of the electric car over the traditional gas-fueled car? 我们不需要对段子听得很清楚就可以轻易地想出答案:没污染!比如:silk。再比如问:如果南极洲的冰帽融化,将对地球产生什么影响?What will happen if the ice cap of Antarctica melts? 我们立即会想到海平面会上升!所以,听段子时,我们需要客观冷静。有时,要跳出原文来客观地审视考题。

(二)段子题的分类及对策

1、主观题

又称态度题(Attitude)问Speaker对所叙述的对象的态度,或褒或贬。典型的问题类似:What is the speaker’s impression of…?; What is the speaker’s attitude to/ toward…? 段子题中一般是的态度。

考题特点:选项出现四个形容词。

解题方向:Speaker的态度反映在文中的形容词或副词。注重fortunately, luckily, unfortunately这样的具感情色彩的词。但凡听力中的段子,Speaker对于谈论的对象,不论是人物还是事物,都可能有双向评论。但在CET听力中,如果未能听出态度方向。只要选正态度就可以了!因为反驳的文章要比介绍性的文章复杂的多。典型的段子往往会说一个人对人类社会,或对某一团体有着伟大的贡献。或叙述某个组织,某个机构有创新性的,划时代意义的活动

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15.  A) Watching traditional plays.

B) Visiting the magnificent libraries.

C) Boating on the river.

D) Cycling in narrow streets.

16.  A) There are many visitors there.

B) There are many students there.

C) There are many old streets there.

D) There are many bicycles there.

17.  A) He thinks the city is too crowded.

B) He likes the place very much.

C) He thinks the streets are too narrow.

D) He admires the comfortable life of the students there.

Script

Cambridge is about 90 kilometers northeast of London. It is one of the most beautiful places in Britain. Everything about the city of Cambridge reminds you of its famous university: students on bicycles, the atmosphere of learning, traditions and the magnificent buildings of the 30 col­leges that are in the University of Cambridge. Most of the colleges stand on the bank of the Cam River the gentle river that flows through the heart of the city. Tourists and students like boating in a kind of flatbottom boat to see the colleges or to relax themselves. If the water traffic reminds the visitor of Venice, the road traffic is more likely to recall Beijing or Amsterdam. The streets are full of bicycles, hundreds and hundreds of them. They provide a cheap form of transport for the students and very conveniently of getting around the Cambridge’ s nearer streets.

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. What do tourists enjoy doing in Cambridge for relaxation?

16. Why did the road traffic in Cambridge remind one of Beijing?

17. What is the speaker’s impression of Cambridge? 主观题

2、客观题

比如数字题。问及时间,多少,年代。问:When; How many...; How much? Section A中的数字题的对策是听到什么不选取什么,即把听到的数字在选项中要排除掉,因为Section A这部分要考察对数字的进一步运算能力。你听到的一定是原始数据,而不是最终结果(正确选项)。但是,在Section B的段子中,对策完全要反过来。即听到哪个数字就要选那个数字。段子中的数字不考运算。

考题特点:比较明显。选项都有数字(或年代,或时间等)。

解题对策:听题前第一步看选项时,如果看到数字题,把笔入在此题处,随时准备记录。听到什么,选什么。如有两个数字出现。先都记下来。在听问题时再进一步排除。

Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14.  A) The prison gates are always open.

B) Its prisoner can work outside.

C) The prison has no armed guards.

D) The prison is open to the public.

15.  A) The prisoners are provided with jobs on release.

B) Its prisoners are seldom made to work overtime.

C) It is run on the principle of trusting prisoners.

D) It has no security measures.

16.  A) One year.

B) Two years.

C) Thirteen years.

D) Fourteen years.

17.  A) Doubtful.

B) Positive.

C) Critical.

D) Indifferent.(永远不是正确选项)

Script

In the high mountain country outside the city of Toluker, there stands a prison. This prison is quite different from other prisons in the world. The guards, except for two at the main gate, are not armed. There are many remarkable things about Toluker prison. For example, of the 15, 000 individuals who have been in prison at Toluker, less than two percent have got into trouble again with, the law. Men in the open prison are free to find work on the outside but must go back to prison each night. On weekends they are allowed to go home. When most other prisons are still sending criminals back into society, Toluker is returning people who stand on their own feet and contribute to society. In 1974, a prisoner called Barb Crook moved to the open prison. A year lat­er, he left Toluker for the last time. He was then nearly forty-six and had been in prison for fourteen years. He got a job as construction worker in the city, remarried and was regarded as a useful person of his community. If you ask Bob why Toluker works, he would say “Because they believed in me when I was at my worst.”

Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. Why is Toluker prison called an open prison? 考开头

15. What is the essential characteristic of Toluker prison? 考结尾“Because”

16. How long did Barb Crook stay in the Toluker prison? 客观数字题

17. What is the speaker’s attitude toward this type of prison? 态度方向题

注:work 起作用。同义词helpdo some gooddo any good

抓客观题(数字题)

体会文章两头(主线题)

抓小词(细节题)

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18.  A) He lost consciousness.

B) He was slightly wounded.

C) He was seriously injured.

D) He was buried under an icebox.

19.  A) About four days.

B) Around eight days.

C) A day and a half.

D) More than six days.

20.  A) His father pulled him out in time.

B) He stayed in an icebox.

C) He left the area before the earthquake.

D) Their house escaped the earthquake.

Script

A six-year-old boy has been found alive after spending four days and five nights in an icebox that was buried under tons of ruins in Thursday’s big earthquake.

The boy, Tom, was found early yesterday in the village of Sem as rescuers were working to pull his father out of the ruins of their home.

Hearing a faint cry of “Get me out, get me out”, rescuers dug down another 1.5 meters and found the boy in the icebox. He was pronounced in a good condition, suffering only four or five slight wounds.

Tom’s eight brothers and sisters died in the earthquake, which officials say may have killed as many as 50,000 people.

By Sunday foreign doctors were leaving the earthquake areas as hope had faded of finding any more survivors.

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. What happened to the boy in the earthquake?

19. How many days had passed before the boy was rescued?

20. How did the boy survive the big earthquake?

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11.  A) The crust.

B) The ground.

C) The plate.

D) The boundary.

12.  A) Two

B) Seventy.

C) Seven.

D) Twelve.

13.  A) The east coast of North America.

B) The west coast of North America.

C) The middle of the Atlantic Ocean.

D) The middle of the Pacific Ocean.

Script

The earth is composed of several layers. The top layer of the earth is called the earth’ s crust. The earth’ s crust is divided into seven sections. These sections are called plates.

When two plates push against each other, or when two plates rub against each other, an earthquake will occur. An earthquake causes the ground above the plate to shake. The shaking is caused by the motion of two plates.

Earthquakes are likely to happen at the boundaries of the earth’s plates. Each of these plates is about 70 kilometers thick. Let’s take a look at the general boundaries of one of these seven ma­jor plates.

Take the North American plate for an example. The left boundary of this plate is the west coast of North America and the east boundary of this plate is through the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. That is, this plate extends from the west coast of North America to the middle of the At­lantic Ocean.

Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. What is the top layer of the earth called?

12. How many major sections is the earth’s crust divided into?

13. Which of the following is the left boundary of the North American plate?

注:product 工业产品(人工产物)

       produce 农产品(天然产物)

地球学说:板块学说、大陆漂移说

段子题题型:

1、主观态度题(找积极态度,正面评价)

2、客观题(数字题,听到什么选什么)

3、宏观题(中心思想题)

4、细节题(注意中间的提示词)

3、宏观题

宏观题考察文章的整体思想把握,即中心思想题(Main idea/ Topic题)。一篇文章的首尾是这篇文章的灵魂,体现Speaker的观点。

考题特点:What is the passage mainly about? What is the passage talking about? What is the main idea of this talk? 等。

解题对策:对于中心思想题。我们可以从三方面来把握。

一、从选项入手。选项中出现的多次重复的词一定是中心词(Key word),正确的main idea选项应该包括,围绕这个中心词来叙述。

二、从段子入手,要特别注意文章的两头。尤其是文章的开始两个句子最重要。开头一定出考题!具体需要听的是文章开头的名词。选答案时要优先选含有该名词的选项。

三、从段子后面的问题入手。这样也可以提供中心词的线索。大多数的考题都问及的词一定就是此段的中心词。

线索词:

1)段子开头的名词

2)文章中间的高频词

3)选项中有如下小词出现:developmentevolutionformationneweffectand

4、细节题:firstmostbecausejustonly

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14.  A) They want to attract attention.

B) It is fashionable to wear such clothes.

C) They appear respectable in such clothes.

D) Riding a motorcycle makes one dirty.

15.  A) It is efficient.

B) It is exciting.

C) It is convenient

D) It is dangerous.

16.  A) If he always wears protective clothing.

B) If he can see everything around him clearly.

C) If he is very careful.

D) If he has a lot of defenders.

Script

Nowadays motorcycling is fast becoming one of America’ s most popular sports. However, there are several things about motorcycling that the average citizen dislikes. Motorcyclists fre­quently look dirty; in fact, they are dirty. On the road there is little to protect them from mud, insects, and bird droppings. For practical reasons they often dress in old clothing which looks much less respectable than the clothing of people who ride in cars. For the same reason motorcy­clists usually wear dark colors.

Of course the danger of motorcycling also helps account for many people’ s low opinion of the sport. Its defenders, however, claim that careful cyclists are in less danger than is commonly be­lieved. A cyclist must drive as if no one else on the road chase him. He must pay careful attention to his driving. From that point of view, a man on a motorcycle is safer than a man in a car.

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. Why do motorcyclists often dress in old and dark clothing? 选项涉及中心词

15. What is the average citizen’s opinion about motorcycling?

16. How can a motorcyclist be safer than a car driver?

注:1. bird droppings 鸟粪

        2. account for 解释;占多大比例

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18.  A) It’s good for training one’s character but not good for one’s health.

B) It cannot prepare pupils to be good citizens.

C) It has less effect on a child’s character than sports and games.

D) It’s as important as after-class activities.

19.  A) Because pupils there have to spend most of the time studying.

B) Because the school authorities insist on traditional ways of teaching.

C) Because the school authorities have neglected discipline.

D) Because pupils there are too fond of playing.

20.  A) Practical work.

B) Collective activities.

C) Teacher’s encouragement.

D) Book knowledge.

Script

        Sports and games are very useful for character training. In their lessons at school, boys and girls may learn about such virtues as unselfishness, courage, discipline and love of one’ s country. But what is learned in books cannot have the same deep effect on a child’ s character as what is learned by experience. As most of the pupils’ time is spent in classes studying lessons, the ordinary day school can’ t give much practical training for their lives in the future. So it is what the pupils do in the spare time that really prepares them to take their places in society as citizens when they grow up. If each of them learns to work for his team, and not for himself on the football field, he will later find it natural to work for the good of his country instead of only for his own benefit.

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. What is the speaker’s opinion about learning from books?

19. Why isn’t ordinary day school unable to give pupils much training for their future lives?

20. What can help to develop the child’s love of his country according to the speaker?

20021

Section B

Passage One (Q11-13)

11. A) Because the bird couldn't repeat his master's name.

      B) Because the bird screamed all day long.

      C) Because the bird uttered the wrong word.

      D) Because the bird failed to say the name of town.

12. A) The cruel master.

      B) The man in the kitchen.

      C) The pet bird.

      D) The fourth chicken.

13. A) The bird had finally understood his threat.

      B) The bird managed to escape from the chicken house.

      C) The bird had learned to scream back to him.

      D) The bird was living peacefully with the chickens.

Script

        Sports and games are very useful for character training. In their lessons at school, boys and girls may learn about such virtues as unselfishness, courage, discipline and love of one’ s country. But what is learned in books cannot have the same deep effect on a child’ s character as what is learned by experience. As most of the pupils’ time is spent in classes studying lessons, the ordinary day school can’ t give much practical training for their lives in the future. So it is what the pupils do in the spare time that really prepares them to take their places in society as citizens when they grow up. If each of them learns to work for his team, and not for himself on the football field, he will later find it natural to work for the good of his country instead of only for his own benefit.

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. What is the speaker’s opinion about learning from books?

19. Why isn’t ordinary day school unable to give pupils much training for their future lives?

20. What can help to develop the child’s love of his country according to the speaker?

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17.  A) For protection against other animals.

B) For protection against other dogs.

C) Just for fun.

D) For the purpose of guarding the house.

18.  A) Because they did not eat other animals.

B) Because they were useful for protection.

C) Because they were good hunters.

D) Because they always obeyed their masters.

19.  A) For companionship.

B) For amusement.

C) For protection against robbery.

D) For hunting.

20.  A) The city can be a lonely place.

B) Life in the West can be very dangerous.

C) People in the West are fond of animals.

D) The dog is a useful and friendly animal.

Script

When you take a walk in any of the cities in the West, you often see a lot of people walking dogs. It is still true that a dog is the most useful and faithful animal in the world, but the reasons why people keep a dog have changed. In the old days people used to train dogs to protect them­selves against attacks by other beasts. And later they came to realize that a dog was not only use­ful for protection but willing to obey his master. For example, when people used dogs for hunt­ing, the dogs would not eat what was caught without permission. But now people in the city need not protect themselves against attacks of animals. Why do they keep dogs, then? Some people keep dogs to protect themselves from robbery. But the most important reason is for companion­ship. For a child, a dog is his best friend when he has no friends to play with. For young couples, a dog is their child when they have no children. For old couples, a dog is also their child when their real children have grown up. So the main reason why people keep dogs has changed from protection to friendship.

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. According to the passage, what were dogs trained for in the past?

18. Why were dogs used for hunting?

19. What is the most important reason for people in the city to keep dogs now?

20. What is the main idea of this passage?

细节题:注意极端词

first, most, just, only, because.

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14.  A) They are the most attractive women in Britain.

B) They are the most popular film stars.

C) They are the first women news announcers on British television.

D) They appear almost every night in TV plays.

15.  A) At 10 in the evening.

B) At 9 in the evening.

C) At 9 in the morning

D) At 10 in the morning.

16.  A) People still talk a lot about it.

B) Fewer people watched Susan’s programme from then on.

C) Anna’s photographs appeared frequently in newspapers.

D) The number of viewers of her programme that day increased by millions.

Script

The two most famous faces in Britain today belong to two women who appear on television almost every night. If you open any popular magazine or newspaper you’ll almost certainly see an article about one of them, with lots of photographs. Their names are Susan Rippon and Anna Ford. Susan reads the 9 o’ clock news on BBC Television, and Anna reads the 10 o’ clock news on Independent Television.

Most news announcers on British television are men, and when Susan began her job at the BBC three years ago, she was the first woman news announcer. Newspapers and magazines start­ed to take an interest in her and reporters started to write about her. Last year, Independent Television also decided to have a woman news announcer and they chose Anna Ford. Newspapers and magazines showed a great interest in her, too.

When Anna read the news for the first time on the 10 o’clock programme, millions of people who don’ t normally watch the programme decided to watch it that night, to see Anna Ford.

Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

14. Why are Susan Rippon and Anna Ford very well-known in Britain?

15. When does Anna read the news on TV?

16. How do we know that Anna’s first appearance on TV was also a big attraction?

选项短边听边看选项。

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17.  A) It is completely flat.

B) It has few rivers.

C) It has many large lakes.

D) It is hilly.

18.  A) The soil has been overworked.

B) The climate is cold.

C) The weather is too dry.

D) It is hilly.

19.  A) By raising cattle.

B) By working on farms.

C) By working in factories.

D) By raising sheep.

20.  A) At school

B) From their parents.

C) From books.

D) In factories.

Script

New England is an area of mountains, valleys, and rivers. It is said that in New England one is always climbing hills. A large part of New England is also made up of farms and farming lands. Yet New England is not really a farming area. The farms are small. Generally they are only large enough to support one family. It also happens that the soil of New England is not good. This soil has been worked and planted for so many years that it has lost its value.

Most New Englanders today work in factories or small businesses. In these factories they make watches and clocks, shoes, clothing, special tools for industry, leather goods, etc. New England workmen are famous for their skill in making many of these things. This skill is often passed down in families from father to son.

Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

17. What is the main feature of New England?

18. Why is New England not good for farming?

19. How do most people in New England make a living?

20. Where do New Englanders learn many of their skills?


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