原因方面

  As ……..;Since………….;Because…………..;Now that………;Considering……..;Given……..;For reason that……..;The reason why……is……….;Because of……;

  Owing to…..;On account of ……….; For the sake of; Due to; Result from; Thanks to;Attribute to

  导致,引起, 成为…,原因(原因在前)

  …..cause;……lead to……;Bring about…….;Contribute to; Result in; Account for; Trigger off(触发,引发); Responsible for; To blame for

  因为,所以(原因在前)

  ……and so….;Therefore…….;Thus;Hence;As a result;That’s why;For this reason;Accordingly;As a consequence;Consequently;So…..that;Too………to

  转折方面

  However;In comparison;But;Nevertheless;In contrast; Whereas; yet

  开头方面 At the beginning;First

  结尾方面 Finally; Last but not least; In short; In conclusion; In the end; at the end of

  举例方面 For example; One of the; Another is; For instance; Like

  比较,对比方面 As a comparison;In contrast

  建议方面

  In my opinion;I suggest;Why not

  主题方面

  the topic is;we 'll mainly focus on ...

  反面或另外一面

  Another point I want mention is;In addition (to) …… Besides;Apart from;Aside from;Moreover;Furthermore;What’s more;On the contrary;However;But;on the other hand;Conversely;By contrast;Whereas;A totally different picture lies in

  列举话题的各个方面

  First/firstly;second/secondly;third/thirdly;last/last but not least ;To begin with ;next;furthermore;finally;In the first place;in the second place;moreover ;by the way; Above all;in addition;then;afterward;On the one hand/on the other hand;For one thing/for another

  话题的结束语

  In short;brief/briefly;summing up;to sum up;summarizing; to summarize; To conclude; in conclusion; As a result; In general;Generally speaking; all in all;on the whole;on this basis; given all these aspects;Everything considered;Finally; it can be concluded/inferred/deduced that


四级听力最常考的小词: http://insuns.com/article/17709-1.html