(六)应用文

应用文是大学英语四级写作考试的一个重要组成部分,形式包括书信、启事、通知、演讲等。应用文较之一般说明文和议论文,与生活、社会联系更紧密,格式、行文习惯更有规矩。无论使用哪种应用文,都必须按其各自规范化的约定俗成的格式来写,不能随意杜撰。以往四级写作考过的应用文有抱怨信、建议信、问候信、见证书、导游介绍、竞选学生会主席演讲稿和招募志愿者启事等。

书信格式:

英语书信,在形式上可分为下面六个部分:

1. 信头 (The Heading):包括发信人地址和写信日期。

2. 收信人 (Inside Address):包括收信人姓名、地址。

3. 称谓 (The Salutation or Greeting):如Dear Sir/Madam。称呼后一般加逗号。

4. 正文 (The Body):信的主要部分,包括写信人所要表达叙述的事情。

5. 结束语 (The Complimentary Close)——如Yours sincerely/truly/faithfully等。

6. 签名 (The Signature)。

英语四级书信写作只需写正文即可。下面是一份申请转专业的信。

A Letter of Application

1. 我是大二学生(sophomore),现申请从自动化系转到商务管理系

2. 申请的主要原因

3. 对转系带来的麻烦表示歉意,并希望有关领导能同意我的申请

Dear Sir/Madam,(试卷上此称谓已有,考生不用再写)

I am a sophomore with major in Automation. Though I have made a great progress during my first year academic training, I find that I am more interested in Business Administration. Now I am writing to you to formally request to switch to this area of study. (写信目的)

The main reason for my decision is that the major I am studying in is my parents’ choice. They insisted that I should study what they had learned before but after a year’s study I have come to realize this is not the career I want to pursue in my future life. Besides, I have attended business classes as my optional course and achieved a good success, which further confirms my decision.(理由)

I am sorry for any inconvenience or trouble that might have been caused by this change. The decision is not made lightly. I do appreciate your kind consideration and sincerely hope you will grant me the shift to the new department.(结尾)

(下面部分考生也不用写)

Yours sincerely

Zhang Ming

 以下是四级考试曾考过的4篇应用文:

(招募志愿者启事)

Volunteers Needed

1.校学生会将组织一次暑假志愿者活动,现招募志愿者

2.本次志愿者活动的目的、内容、安排等

3.报名条件及联系方式

As the summer holiday is approaching, the Student Union will organize a voluntary program and is now recruiting volunteers.

This program will focus on teaching farmers’ children at Guan Ming School. It aims to instill confidence, independence and optimism into the pupils and to help them improve their English. Through participating in the activity, volunteers can gain teaching experience.

Volunteers will give lessons in the morning and organize after-class activities in the afternoon. The program will start on July 15th and end on July 30th. The Student Union will arrange buses to take you to the school.

We need 30 local students who are warm-hearted and good at English. Fellow students that meet the requirements and want to take part in the activity please call us at 87654321 or email us at volunteers@126.com.

You are welcome to join us!

(竞选学生会主席演讲稿)

A Campaign Speech

1. 你认为自己具备什么条件(能力、性格、爱好)可以胜任学生会主席工作。

2. 如果当选,你将会为本校同学做什么?

Good evening, Ladies and Gentlemen:

Thank you for coming to this election campaign today. With the trust and complete support of my team, I am delighted to announce that I am running for chairman of the Student Union.

As a diligent man with pleasant personality, I have been always considered to be a good team member. Meanwhile, as a big fan of sports I fully realize the importance of teamwork and advocate the spirit of being quicker and stronger. I possess strong determination to take firm steps toward achieving the objectives of my team. In addition, my working experience with the Student Union in the past two years will be extremely helpful to my future work here if I get elected.

A sign of a really strong organization is that it can change its leadership without hindering its progress and without damaging its values. If I am elected, I believe I have the capability to lead the Union to advance in the right direction. I will cooperate well with my fellow members of the Union and take innovative measures, including establishing a student-information center, forming a teacher-student-friendship association, to make the Union a true assistance to students’ study and life here as well as a bridge of communication between teachers and students.

Thank you very much for your attention.

(导游介绍)

A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction

1.Your role: a tour guide

2.Your audience: a group of foreign tourists

3.Your introduction should include: some welcoming words; the schedule for the day; a description of the place the tourists will be visiting (e.g. a scenic spot or a historical site, etc.)

You should make the introduction interesting and the arrangements for the day clear to everybody.

Good morning, ladies and gentleman, welcome to Beijing. Now, I would like to introduce myself: My Name is Li Ming, a tourist guide from China Travel Service and it’s great honor to stay here with all of you for a whole day. I wish all of you enjoy yourselves during this trip.

Here is the schedule of the day. The first spot we are going to visit is the Great Wall, the grandest fortification in ancient China. The next sight to look around is the Ming Tombs, which is one of the best-preserved tombs for 13 emperors in Ming Dynasty more than one thousand years ago. In the afternoon, we will go for the Summer Palace, the royal park for Chinese ancient emperors.

Currently we are on the way to the Great Wall. Dating back to the seven century B.C., the Great Wall is constructed by respective states for fortifying against invasion of neighboring states. By the reasons of long history and its length, it becomes one of the eight wonders in the world and represents the highest wisdom and crafts. From the top of the Great Wall, we can enjoy a magnificent view of continuous mountains, green trees and blooming wild flowers. It is no doubt that one says, “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man”。

This is my introduction to the Great Wall. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask me at any time.

(交通事故见证书)

An Eye-witness Account of a Traffic Accident

1. 车祸发生的时间及地点

2. 你所见到的车祸情况

3. 你对车祸原因的分析

Yesterday afternoon, I happened to witness a terrible traffic accident on my way home from school. It was 5:30 p.m., I was riding back home. When I got to the last crossing on the Century Street, the red light was on. So I applied the brakes, along with a long queue of vehicles waiting to pass.

Just at that moment, a private car of Accord with earth roared forward at my side and bumped against the heavy-load truck traveling eastbound. As a result, the car was badly damaged and its driver got fatally injured on the head. 

As for the cause of the accident, I think the driver of the car should be held responsible: the light was red then; he should have stopped and waited. It was he who had broken the traffic regulations. In addition, the bad weather was part of the cause. It was drizzling then, and the road was quite slippery. Finally, drunk driving was probably an important factor. As the police discovered on the spot, there was a heavy alcoholic smell on the injured body of the car driver.

三、文章写作步骤

(一)看清题目

大学英语四级写作可分为两类,第一类题目需要以讨论形式作答,你需要讲出正反两方的论点和你自己的立场。你可设想这是一场辩论比赛,但你要为两方发言。你要写出足够的证据支持你的论点和反驳对立的论点。 第二类题目需要以报告形式作答。你需要根据题目描述某现象和发掘此现象产生的原因、对个人和社会带来的影响并提出解决问题的方法。虽然你并不需要支持正/反一方的论点,但你应在真实的处境上提出真实的证据。

(二)思考答案

当你计划你的答案时,你应能想到2个或以上的主意支持你的论点。你可在一张纸上写下你脑中浮现的文字和主意。你先不用理会写下的是否有用,当你写好后可将题目也写在纸上,然后在围绕题目的地方将所写下的文字分门别类。在这一阶段,你可删除无用的文字或句子。在第一类问题上,你应至少想到2个或2个以上的支持论据,而在第二类问题上,你也应至少想到2个或以上可供讨论的话题,但无论是回答哪一类问题,你不应该写超过4个论据或话题,否则,由于字数的限制,你的文章会变得太空泛。

(三)组织答案

你或许没有时间完整地写出你的计划,但你必须在心里组织和安排好你的答案。你需认清题目的要求和找出题目中想问的问题。开头段要用来表达文章的大意,如果写的是一篇议论文,笔者的观点可以在这里表达出来。主体段通常包含2个或2个以上论据并有较充分的展开,主体是文章的核心,是成败的关键。结论是全文的归纳和总结。

(四)撰写答案

在一篇120字以上的文章中,介绍和结尾段各占15%,主题段占70%。切记写作尽量少犯语法错误,观点要鲜明,层次要清晰。 当计划好后,你便可以开始作答。

(五)检查答案

检查答案是写作的最后一道防线,许多错误,尤其是语法错误,可以在此得以纠正,这也是写作得高分不可缺少的一个重要过程。在写作考试时,学生至少要留出2到3分钟检查自己写作的内容。
英语四级新题型:名师指导高分写作策略下: http://insuns.com/article/16446-1.html