第1课

如果想达到85分以上,词汇应该错6个以内。
Jump for the sun, at least you land on the moon. 目标定的高一点有好处。
4200单词要求对于4级考试,高三毕业是1800个单词。

我喜欢这里: I like here. Right: I like it here.
I can succeed. Right: I can do it. I can make it.
注意生活中的英语: Nike胜利女神。 Just do it.
生活中的英语: Did you have a pleasant journey? (这时要用降调)
I am very much frightened because a girl named Monika stands beside me. Oh, thank god! He’s not the president now. (我很害怕)
I was just screwed up. (我一团糟)

四级考试中常见的考察词汇的题型:
I 押韵题型(押头韵、押尾韵);
答案总在相似中,如果有三个一样,基本上就在其中了。

54. The rain was heavy and _A_ the land was flooded.
A consequently B continuously C constantly D consistently
continue v. 继续,连续; continually adv. 时断时续地; continuously adv. 连续不断地。
说不停的咳嗽时,continually是间歇的时断时续的咳嗽,continuously是一直不停的咳嗽。
consequently adv. 因此,所以;(heavy rain大雨, light rain小雨)
constantly adv. 始终如一地,连续发生地;constant temperature 恒温
consistently adv. 一贯地,一致地; consistent adj. consistent policy 一贯的政策。

36. I hate people who _C_ the end of a film that you haven't seen before.
A revise B rewrite C reveal D reverse
rewrite v. 重写,改写; revise vt. 修改,修正; reveal vt. 揭示,揭露;
reverse vt. 颠倒,使反转,使反向。(vers是词根,表示转动;re是前缀,表示向相反方向)

42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday’s performance.
A preferable B considerable C possible D available
performance n. 表演,演出,演奏; perform vt. possible adj. 可能的
动词后加able构成形容词通常表示“可…的” read -> readable accept -> acceptable
consider vt. 考虑; considerable adj. (数量或尺寸)相当大(或多)的。
preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的;
available* adj. 可获得的,可利用的,可支配的。(重点词)

33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total _D_ for living expenses.
A acceptable B applicable C advisable D available
living expenses 生活费; acceptable adj. 可接受的;
apply vt. 申请,应用; applicable adj. 可应用的,适当的,合适的;
advise vt. 建议; advice n. 建议; advisable adj. 明智的,可取的。

54. It is our _A_ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.
A consistent B continuous C considerate D continual
achieve unity through peaceful means 通过和平手段取得统一; consistent policy 一贯政策

II 构词法题型(词的转化,合成,派生);
构成符合形容词的名词和数量词一律用单数。(见下面2个例题)
31. Despite the wonderful acting and well-developed plot the _B_ movie could not hold our attention.
A three-hours B three-hour C three-hours’ D three-hour’s

267. Professor White wrote a _C_ report yesterday.
A two-thousand-words B two-thousands-word
C two-thousand-word D two-thousands-words
以ly结尾的不全是副词; friendly, lonely, lovely, likely, lively adj.
考试中常见的否定前缀: un-、dis-、in-、im-

56. _B_ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others.
A Dislike B Unlike C Alike D Liking
like vt. 喜欢; dislike vt. 不喜欢,厌恶; unlike prep. 不象…;
alike adj. & adv. 同样的(地),相象的(地); liking n. 爱好,嗜好;
take a liking for喜欢…,对…产生好感。
III 近义词含义比较;

44. There were some _A_ flowers on the table.
A artificial B unnatural C false D unreal
unreal adj. 不真实的(不是真实世界所拥有的,虚幻的); Ends justify means 不择手段;
false adj. 具有欺骗性的,假的,伪造的; false coin/passport/hair,a false tooth/false teeth
unnatural adj. 不自然的,经常用来修饰人的行为举止,表示做作的,矫揉造作的。
artificial adj. 人造人为的 artificial leg 假肢artificial leather 人造皮 genuine leather 真皮

54. When people become unemployed, it is _C_ which is often worse than lack of wages.
A laziness B poverty C idleness D inability
laziness n. 懒惰; poverty n. 贫穷; poor adj. 贫穷的;
idleness n. 无事可做(中性,有时也有贬义含义); inability n. 没有能力,没有办法。

69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough _A_.
A nuisance B trouble C worry D anxiety
invade 进攻,侵略; nuisance n. (具体的)令人讨厌的东西; trouble n. 烦恼,麻烦,问题;
worry n. 担心,发愁; anxiety n. 焦虑。 What a nuisance. 真是烦。
IV 搭配关系问题;
extent n. 程度; to... extent 到达…程度,在…程度之上; extent 只能和to搭配。
object vi. 反对; object to 动名词(动词的ing形式)。
objection n. 反对; objection to 动名词(动词的ing形式)。
V 形相近,意相远;

65. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _A_ spring.
A late B last C latter D later
late adj. 晚的,晚于通常时间的; late spring 晚春、暮春; last adj. 最后的,最终的;
later adj. 更晚的(late的比较级)、时间概念后一半的;只适用于表示某个世纪的后半期;
The later twentieth century. 二十世纪的后一半。
latter adj. (两者中)后者的; former adj. (两者中)前者的;

59. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up wonderful _B_ in the market.
A batteries B bargains C baskets D barrels
battery n. 电池; bargain n. 特价商品; It’s really a bargain. 你真会买东西,不是说真便宜。
basket n. 篮子; barrel n. 桶; wonderful bargain 物美价廉的商品;bargain v. 讨价还价;

53. Remember that customers don’t _D_ about prices in that city.
A debate B consult C dispute D bargain
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41. The bridge was named _A_ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.
A after B with C by D from
cause 事业; be named after 以…的名字命名;

42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday’s performance.
A preferable B considerable C possible D available
preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的;

358. _C_ the Revolutionary War, the United States was an English colony.
A Inferior to B Superior to C Prior to D Preferable to
具有比较意味的形容词只要与介词to搭配即可表示其比较级。 super- 表示在…上方,超过…
inferior adj. 低于…的,劣于…的; superior adj. 高于…的,优于…的; prior adj. 在…之前的
Revolutionary War 特指美国独立战争;second adj. 第二的(含有比较意味,也与to搭配)
He is second to none. 首屈一指,无与伦比;
30. Cancer is second only _B_ heart disease as a cause of death.
A of B to C with D from

43. It wasn't such a good dinner _C_ she had promised us.
A that B which C as D what
such … that … 如此… 以至于… ; sb be ___ sth 空格处应为能加双宾语的动词;
加双宾语的动词的用法:动词 sb sth(主动形式); sb be pp sth(被动形式);

59. American women were _D_ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle. [the right to vote 选举权]
A ignored B neglected C refused D denied
deny v. 否认,拒绝;deny sb sth 拒绝给予某人某物;

44. They decided to chase the cow away _C_ it did more damage.
A unless B until C before D although

45. _B_ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.
A Each B Any C Either D One
common sense 常识; each 这个词在英语中强调的是个体与众不同的特点;
any 这个词强调的是很多东西在一起的共性; either 两者之间任何一个;

31. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _C_ chemist’s.
A each B some C any D certain

46. All _D_ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.
A what is needed B for our needs C the thing needed D that is needed
当all作定语从句的先行词时,从句只能用that来引导; all that = what

47. _A_ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.
A When compared B Compare C While comparing D Comparing
本题的关键是弄清compare与mountain的关系; when 可以直接加过去分词;
before(after) being 过去分词;

44. After _A_ for the job, you will be required to take a language test.
A being interviewed B interviewed C interviewing D having interviewed
They lose their health to make money, and they lose their money to restore health.

48. _C_ she first heard of the man referred to as a specialist. [专家]
A That was from Stephen B It was Stephen whom
C It was from Stephen that D It was Stephen that
本题重点是强调句式; 当被强调部分指人且在句子中作宾语时,其余部分可用whom引导;

49. If these shoes are too big, ask the clerk to bring you a smaller _D_.
A suit B set C one D pair

50. Many new _A_ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
A opportunities B necessities C realities D probabilities

51. He must have had an accident, or he _A_ then.
A would have been here B had to be here C should be here D would be here
must have 过去分词 表示对过去行为的肯定推测;
与过去事态相反用:情态动词 have 过去分词 来体现虚拟语气;
must 一定,必须; needn't, don't have to 不必;

53. You _A_ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.
A needn’t have done B must not have done
C shouldn’t have done D can not have done
should have 过去分词 本应该,本应当; shouldn't have done本不应该,本不应当;

44. It was very kind of you to do the washing-up, but you _D_ it.
A mustn’t have done B wouldn’t have done
C mightn’t have done D didn’t have to do

52. It was essential that the applications forms _C_ back before the deadline.
A must be sent B would be sent C be sent D were sent
It be essential that 后面一定用虚拟语气,且句子谓语动词固定为(should) 动词原型;
It was essential that the applications forms send back before the deadline.

53. We _D_ our breakfast when an old man came to the door.
A just have had B have just had C just had D had just had
when 还可以表示①刚..就… (有动作先后关系)、②恰在此时;

44. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _D_ I heard voices.
A as B while C after D when

45. I felt somewhat disappointed and was about to leave, _C_ something occurred which attracted my attention.
A unless B until C when D while

64. It was essential that these application forms _D_ back as early as possible.
A must be sent B will be sent C are sent D be sent
新东方英语四级词汇笔记(非常完整版)第1课: http://insuns.com/article/16386-1.html