形容词与副词专练(1)

  All things are difficulty before they are easy.?

  万事开头难。?

  1. It’s quite ______ that until now we didn’t receive her reply.?

  A) odds C) peculiar?

  B) queer D) odd?

  2. Coal is a ______ source of energy compared with other forms of energ

  y such as oil.?

  A) plenty C) sufficient?

  B) enough D) plentiful?

  3. The organizing committee will hold a ______ meeting on Wednesday to

  discuss the schedule.?

  A) preceding C) preliminary?B) previous D) prior?

  4. The price of the shoes is ______ during the Spring Festival.?

  A) low C) expensive?

  B) small D) cheap?

  5. Though Japan is now an economic giant, it has one vital weakness, that

  is, it lacks the ______ material necessary for its industry.?

  A) primitive C) crude?

  B) raw D) primary

  [答案与精解]?

  1. D ?

  [注释]真怪,至今我们都没收到她的回信。odd奇怪的(常指反常或出人意料,因而使人感到“诧异,稀奇,有趣”)。A)odds名词,差异;B)queer指“古怪、神经不正常的”或“可笑的,可疑的”;C)peculiar指“独特,异乎寻常的”。?

  2. D ?

  [注释]跟其他能源,如石油相比,煤的产量是很大的。plentiful指食品供应等各方面“量”多,很充足;abundant与plentiful近义,指“丰富,丰盛”,含有“盈余”的意味。

  A)plenty接of,修饰名词,指“大量的,许多的”,既可接可数名词又可接不可数名词,只用于肯定句中;否定句中用many或much;疑问句中一般用enough;B)enough指数量、程度足够或充分,多指满足物质的需要,除形容词外,还可用作名词、副词;C) sufficient比enough正式、文雅。?

  3. C ?

  [注释]组委会周三会召开一个预备会讨论日程安排。preliminary有别于其他三词,多指为某事而作事先准备的,如本句的“预备会”。preceding指“此前的”,多用于指文章中某一处之前的,如the preceding chapter

  上一章;B)previous多指时间发生在前的;D) prior除表示“在前的”的意思外,比previous多一层“优先”的意思。?

  4. A ?

  [注释]春节期间鞋很便宜。修饰price用low或high,不用cheap或expensive。?

  5. B ?

  [注释]日本是个经济大国,但它有一个致命的弱点,那就是缺乏工业所必需的原材料。“原材料”为raw material;原油为crude oil;原始人为primitive people。三者不可混淆。?
英语四级英语《分类突破词汇》(8): http://insuns.com/article/15878-1.html