英语听力:新概念英语第三册-Lesson 14(课文) mp3下载

Lesson 14 A noble gangster 贵族歹徒

There was a time when the owners of shops and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for 'protection'. If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop. Obtaining 'protection money' is not a modern crime. As long ago as the fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.

Six hundred years ago, Sir John Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence. He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto. Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each other, Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay the high price he demanded. In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them. Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way. In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero. When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.

Language points
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, There was a time when the owners of shop and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for 'protection'.
pay large sums of money to sb. 向某人付大笔大笔的费用

in return for 目的是为了换取...作为对...的回报
e.g. He gave me some books in return for my help.

there was a time when 曾有一个时期,when引导状语从句修饰 time
e.g. There was a time when mini skirt was in fashion.曾有一个时期,迷你裙很流行。

2, If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop.
promptly: immediately 立即
put a man out of business: 使某人失业

基本词组:put sb. / sth. out of ... 使某人失去......
e.g. You are putting me out of patience. 你使我失去了耐心。
e.g. You have already put everything out of order. 你把一切弄得乱七八糟。

by destroying his shop 通过......手段
e.g. You are putting me out of patience by disturbing me. 你快把我弄得失去耐心了,如果再这样打扰的话。


3, As long ago as the fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood, made the remarkable discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by gangsters.
as long ago as 追溯回到
同义词组:date back to / date from
e.g. I knew Jane as long ago as the year 1980.我1980年就认识简了。

make the remarkable discovery 做出不同寻常的发现; 意思是:John hawkwood’s discovery was quite remarkable.

woulde rather do sth. than do sth.(详见难点)
e.g. I would rather play tennis than swim.我喜欢打网球胜过游泳。

life work 毕生的事业
e.g. 毕生的积蓄:life savings

have sth. done
(1)东西被破坏等不好的事情发生
e.g. have sth. stolenbrokentaken 东西被偷被毁被拿走
(2)请人做某事(不是自己做)
e.g. The Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted. ...请人画画(文中的句子,注意区别这两个have sth. done的不同意思)
e.g. I want to have the tree cut down.

4, He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto.
make a name for himself 意思是:become famous
e.g. They soon made quite a name for themselves as pop singers.

come to / get to do 渐渐地(做成某事)
come to be known 渐渐的被人所熟知
e.g. I come to be known to my students.
e.g. I got to know him.

5, In times of peace, when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer to go away if protection money was paid to them.
in times of peace 在和平期间

基本词组:in times of……在……期间
march into 大踏步行军到…
burn down烧毁/ burn up烧光 / burn out 烧空
e.g. The house was burned out only walls left. 房子被烧的只剩下墙了。
offer to do 提出

6, In spite of this, the Italians regarded him as a sort of hero.
in spite of this 尽管如此
regard sb. as 认为某人是...
a sort of 某类

7, When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.
give sb. a state funeral 给某人举行国葬
Signor (意大利语) 先生
be dedicated to the memory of sb.
valiant(勇敢的), notable(著名的) ,最高级形式为: most valiant, most notable

Special difficulties

表示“宁可,宁愿”的词组和句型

1,would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿而不
e.g. He would rather die than surrender.他宁死不屈。

2, 同义词组有:

(1) would prefer to do sth. than do sth.
(2) would prefer doing sth. to doing sth.
e.g. He would prefer to die than surrender.
e.g. He would prefer dying to surrendering.

3, would ratherwould sooner + that宾语从句 (过去式), 这个句子用的是虚拟语气,表达与现实相反的意愿。
e.g. I would rather that you were not here. 我宁愿你不在这儿。(暗示你在这儿)
e.g. I would rather that I didn't see you. 我宁愿没见到你。(暗示见到你了)

大家学得怎么样?我们来测试一下吧!

Exercises

Choince questions:

1, People prefer paying large sums of money _____ their life work destroyed by gangsters.
a. than have b. to have c. to having d. than they have

2, _____ at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him…
a. On dying b. Having died c. On his death d. Dead

Translation:

3, 人们认为他是个高贵的野蛮人。
4, 忘记这件事情吧。
5, 我应该如何报答你呢?
6, 汤姆因贪污被判无期徒刑。
7, 时间过去你可能会渐渐喜欢上他。
8, 我并没有要求,但是他主动提出要接我。
9, 这部电影讲的是三个近40的纽约人的生活。
10, When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.

Answer the following question in English.
11, How did Hawkwood make money in times of peace?


英语听力:新概念英语第三册-Lesson 14(课文) mp3下载: http://insuns.com/article/12967-1.html