英语听力:新概念英语第二册-Lesson 77 mp3下载

第一部分 WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

第二部分 TEXT

The mummy of an Egyptian woman who died in 800 B. C . has just had an operation. The mummy is that of Shepenmut who was once a singer in the Temple of Thebes. As there were strange marks on the X-ray plates taken of the mummy, doctors have been trying to find out whether the woman died of a rare disease. The only way to do this was to operate. The operation, which lasted for over four hours, proved to be very difficult because of the hard resin which covered the skin. The doctors removed a section of the mummy and sent it to a laboratory. They also found something which the X-ray plates did not show: a small wax figure of the god Duamutef. This god which has the head of a cow was normally placed inside a mummy. The doctors have not yet decided how the woman died. They feared that the mummy would fall to pieces when they cut it open, but fortunately this has not happened. The mummy successfully survived the operation.

参考译文

死于公元前800年的一位埃及妇女的木乃伊刚刚接受了一次手术。这是曾在底比斯神殿里当过歌手的赛潘姆特的木乃伊。由于在给这个木乃伊拍摄的X光片子上有奇怪的斑点,所以,医生们一直试图搞清这位妇女是否死于一种罕见的疾病。搞清的唯一办法就是手术。手术持续了4个多小时,非常难做,因为皮肤上覆盖着一层硬硬的树脂。医生们从木乃伊身上取下一个切片,送去化验。他们还发现了X 光片所没有显示的东西:一个蜡制的杜瓦木特夫神小塑像。这种牛头人身的神像通常被放在木乃伊体内。医生们至今还未确定这位妇女的死因。他们曾担心在把木乃伊切开后,它会散成碎片,但幸运得很,这种情况并未发生。这具木乃伊成功地经受了这次手术

第三部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1.The mummy of an Egyptian woman who died in 800 B. C . has just had an operation..
800 B.C: B.C.为Before Christ(公元前)的缩写,A.D.表示anno Domini(=in the year of the Lord或 since Christ was born),即"公元"。A.D.用来与B.C.形成对比,出现在正式的史书中,平时一般不用。B.C.位于年代之后,A.D.在英国英语中位于年代之前

2、The mummy is that of Shepenmut who was once a singer in the Temple of Thebes.
Temple of Thebes:底比斯(埃及尼罗河畔的古城)庙

3、..doctors have been trying to find out whether the woman died of a rare disease.
die of :因...而死,死于...

4、The operation, which lasted for over four hours, proved to be very difficult because of the hard resin which covered the skin.
because of:由于,因为,后跟名词性词组
last:表示"持续"、"延续"时为不及物动词,后面通常跟一个表示时间的名词/短语,for可有可无
prove:表示"证明"、"证实",后面可以跟从句、形容词、名词、不定式等:

5、The doctors have not yet decided how the woman died.
decide:在这里不是指"下决心/决定",而是指"对......下判决"、"解决(悬案)"等
yet:出现在否定句中,表示某事到现在为止还没有发生;出现在疑问句中,表示询问某事有没有发生
Ex
It isn't dark yet.
I haven't yet met Davis.
By good fortune the leak has done no damage yet.

Have you had your lunch yet?
Have you finished your paper yet?

6、The mummy successfully survived the operation.
survive: vt.表示"经历(灾难等)之后还活着"

第四部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

课文中的定语从句

1)
定语从句用来充当句中定语的主谓结构;它主要用于修饰句子中的名词、代词。定语从句的位置常常是紧跟在被修饰的名词、代词的后面
关系代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which等。
关系副词有:when, where, why等

2)
限制性定语从句

限制性定语从句对所修饰的先行项起限制作用,在意义上与先行项密切不可分。如被省去,主句的意思就含糊不清,甚至变得毫无意义。关系词和先行项之间一般不用逗号分隔。

=>The mummy of an Egyptian woman who died in 800 B. C . has just had an operation.
=>The mummy is that of Shepenmut who was once a singer in the Temple of Thebes.
=>They also found something which the X-ray plates did not show.
=>This god which has the head of a cow was normally placed inside a mummy.

非限制性定语从句

非限制性定语从句同其先行项之间的联系是松散的。它不是先行项的必不可少的组成部分,而仅是对先行项作些描写或补充说明。非限制性定语从句前常有逗号将它与主语分开。

=>The operation, which lasted for over four hours, proved to be very difficult...

=>Mr. Brown was the only person who saw the accident.
=>Thank you for the help that you have given me.
=>Where is the boy whose leg was broken the other day?
=>Do you remember the day when the earthquake hit Tangshan?
=>We long to the see the house where we lived for ten years.
=>He will not tell you the reason why he didn't go to the meeting.

比较
=>The river that flows through London is the Thames.
=>The Thames, which flows through London, is a beautiful river.

=>He is going to the golf course where he practiced last week.
=>He is going to the golf course , where he intends to put in some practice.

3)that和which引导的定语从句的区别

①在非限制性定语从句中通常只能用which不能用that.

②在下列几种情况下通常用that不用which:
1)先行词为不定代词anything, everything, all, nothing等时
2)先行词前有形容词最高级、序数词修饰时.
3)先行词被no, the only, very等修饰时.
4)先行词既有人又有物时


Exercises

中译英
1、直到公元前1600年才发明了战车。
2、我快渴死了
3、我快闷死了
4、我看不清楚Helen的表情,因为她的头转过去了
5、不要用磨擦性的清洁物来处理这个浴缸,因为它会损伤浴缸的表面
6、上个月他因病提前退休
7、重要是由于这个原因,大约有5万人逃离了这个城市
8、她似乎挺过了离婚的打击
9、他有四个兄弟都夭折了,第5个活了下来
10、只有2个人在火灾中幸免于难


新概念英语第二册-Lesson 77 mp3下载视频教材及课文讲解: http://insuns.com/article/12929-1.html