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第一部分 TEXT

When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the famous clock which can be heard all over the world on the B. B. C. If the Houses of Parliament had not been burned down in1834,the great clock would never have been erected. Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for them making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built. It is not only of a immense size, but is extremely accurate as well. Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twicea day. On the B. B. C. you can hear the clock when it is actually striking because microphones are connected to the clock tower. Big Ben has rarely gone wrong. Once, however, it failed to give the correct time. A painter who had been working on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the hands and slowed it down!

参考译文

当你游览伦敦时,首先看到的东西之一就是"大本"钟,即那座从英国广播公司的广播中全世界都可以听到它的声音的著名大钟。如果不是国会大厦在 1834年被焚毁的话,这座大钟永远也不会建造。"大本"钟得名于本杰明·霍尔爵士,因为当建造新的国会大厦时,他负责建造大钟。此钟不仅外型巨大,而且走时也非常准确。格林尼治天文台的官员们每天两次派人矫正此钟。当大钟打点的时候,你可以从英国广播公司的广播中听到,因为钟塔上接了麦克风。"大本"钟很少出差错。然而有一次,它却把时间报错了。在钟塔上干活的一位油漆工把一只油漆桶挂在了一根指针上,把钟弄慢了!

第二部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1、If the Houses of Parliament had not been burned down in1834,the great clock would never have been erected. .
Houses of Parliament:国会大厦(由于英国议会是由上议院(House of Lords)和下议院(House of Commons)组成的,所以Houses为复数形式 )
burn down:固定短语,在这里表示"(使)烧成平地"、"烧毁"
 语言点
这句话用的是虚拟语气,即第3类条件句,表示与过去的事实相反的一种假设

2、Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for them making of the clock.
take one's name from:以...而命名
 语言点
Sir用于英国人的全名(或名字)之前时表示"爵士"(不单独用于姓之前),如 Sir John Gilbert(约翰·吉尔伯特爵士)或 Sir John(约翰爵士),但不能称 Sir Gilbert。
be responsible for:为...负责,负责...

3、 It is not only of a immense size, but is extremely accurate as well.
be of...:后跟人或物的特征
 Ex
we are of the same age/size.
This letter is of great importance.
a immense size:a +adj.+n. 表示人/物...的特征
not only... but as well:不仅...而且

4.Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twicea day. 
Greenwich Observatory :格林尼治天文台
have sth. done:使役动词的用法

第三部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

 课文中复合句分析(注意句子中从句的时态分析)

=>When you visit London,one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the famous clock which can be heard all over the world on the B. B. C
=>Big Ben takes its name from sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for them making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built.
=>On the B. B. C. you can hear the clock when it is actually striking because microphones are connected to the clock tower.


Exercises

一、中译英
1、男性和女性应该承担起同样的抚养孩子的责任
2、孩子们自己负责打扫各自的房间
3、那座山很高
4、那个湖很大
5、黑猩猩不仅使用工具,还制造工具
6、你不仅挺有趣的,你还挺机智的
7、我要去剪头发了
8、她请人把厨房打扫了

二、课文理解
1 Big Ben was built ____.
a) for the B. B. C.
b) after a fire
c) in honour of Sir Benjamin Hall
d) long before 1834

2 Accuracy is maintained ____.
a) by microphones in the clock tower
b) by workmen
c) because the clock is at Greenwich Observatory
d) by officials who check the clock frequently


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