第一部分 TEXT

I was being tested for a driving licence for the third time. I had been asked to drive in heavy traffic and had done so successfully. After having been instructed to drive out of town, I began to acquire confidence. Sure that I had passed, I was almost beginning to enjoy my test. The examiner must have been pleased with my performance, for he smiled and said,‘Just one more thing, Mr. Eames. Let us suppose that a child suddenly crosses the road in front of you. Assoon as I tap on the window, you must stop within five feet.' I continued driving and after some time, the examiner tapped loudly. Though the sound could be heard clearly, it took me a long time to react. I suddenly pressed the brake pedal hard and we were both thrown forward. The examiner looked at me sadly.‘Mr. Eames,' he said, in a mournful voice,‘you have just killed that child!'

参考译文

我第3次接受驾驶执照考试。按照要求在车辆拥挤的路上驾驶,我圆满地完成了。在接到把车开出城的指令后,我开始有了信心。确信我已通过考试,所以我几乎开始喜欢起这次考试。主考人对我的驾驶想必是满意的,因为他微笑着说:"埃姆斯先生,只剩1项了。让我们假设一个小孩子突然在你前面穿过马路。我一敲车窗,你必须把车停在5英尺之内。"我继续往前开着。过了一会儿,主考人砰砰地敲了起来。虽然声音听得很清楚,但我过了好一会儿才作出反应。我突然用力踩紧刹车踏板,结果我俩的身体都向前冲去。主考人伤心地看着我。"埃姆斯先生,"他以悲伤的声调说,"你刚刚把那个小孩压死了!"

第二部分 LANGUAGE POINTS

1、I had been asked to drive in heavy traffic . .
heavy traffic:拥挤的交通

2、Sure that I had passed,...
确信我已通过考试,sure的前面省略了being或feeling,在句中作状语(与分词结构作状语的情况类似)

3、 The examiner must have been pleased with my performance.
must+v.现在完成时:表示对过去的事情进行推测
performance:在这里表示"表现"、"表演"、"工作情况"等
be pleased with:对...满意/高兴
pleased的三种句型
pleased+that clause
pleased with something/somebody
pleased to do something

4.Let us suppose that a child suddenly crosses the road in front of you.
suppose:假设;推测,预测
Ex
Suppose we don't say a word, and somebody else finds out about it.
Supposing something should go wrong, what would you do then?

5、Though the sound could be heard clearly, it took me a long time to react.
react.:对某事作出反应
Ex
Sam didn't look up or react in any way.

6、he said,in a mournful voice
in a... voice 表示"以......的声调":
Ex
He told them the news in a sad/ excited voice.

第三部分 KEY STRUCTURES AND USAGE

 被动语态(注意其时态)

=>I was being tested for a driving licence for the third time.(被动语态的过去进行时)
=>I had been asked to drive in heavy traffic ... (被动语态的过去完成时)
=>Though the sound could be heard clearly...(被动语态的一般过去时,带情态v. could)
=>I suddenly pressed the brake pedal hard and we were both thrown forward. (被动语态的一般过去时)

被动语态还可以用于介词+动名词结构中

1)介词(after, before, on)+动名词这个结构通常相当于一个时间状语从句。
2)如果两个动作中有一个在另一个开始之前已经完成,则可以用 after+动名词的完成式表示第1个动作;如果只表示先后顺序,则可用after(或before)+动名词结构; on+动名词通常表示两个动作几乎同时发生:

=>After having been instructed to drive out of town, I began to acquire confidence.
=>The man called the police after being robbed.
=>He killed a child before being arrested.
=>On/After being told that her mother was seriously ill, she hurried back to England.

被动语态用于 want后面的不定式中时,to be可以省略

=>I want the luggage fetched from the hotel this afternoon.


Exercises

中译英
1、他把那几件重重的行李放在门边
2、他脸色阴沉、郁闷
3、在吃了那样一顿大餐后,我觉得饱极了
4、他来了她好象非常高兴
5、他对我的进步很满意
6、再次见到你我真的太高兴了
7、推测他想要得到那笔钱是合情合理的
8、没有人预测核武器能够一夜之前被清除光
9、如果他点燃一支烟,她总是反应强烈
10、我真不知道对这样一个唐突的问题他会作何反应


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