Currency
Money issued by governments and central banks.
Fixed Exchange Rate
A currency exchange rate set and maintained by a government or central bank.
Floating Exchange Rate
A currency exchange rate which is determined by supply and demand in the international Forex market.
Forex
Largest foreign exchange market in the world in which more than USD1 trillion is traded daily.
Managed Float
The use of both fixed and floating rate policy to maintain the currency exchange rate of a country.
Bretton Woods Conference
1944 conference at which an international fixed exchange rate was created based on the U.S. dollar pegged to the price of gold.
Gold Standard
Monetary system in which the value of its currency is based on the fixed amount of gold which backs it.
Peg
Fixed value of a currency based on its relation to another currency or the value of an underlying commodity, such as gold.
货币
政府和中央银行发行的钱币。
固定汇率
政府或中央银行规定和维持的汇率。
浮动汇率
受国际外汇市场的供求状况决定的汇率。
外汇
世界上最大的外汇市场,每天有超过10000亿美元进行交易。
控制浮动
同时使用固定和浮动汇率政策以保持一国汇率的稳定。
布雷顿森林会议
1944年召开的国际会议,国际固定汇率以美元为基础确定,美元钉住黄金价格。
金本位
货币价格基于支持该货币的一定数量黄金的货币制度。
钉住
一种货币的固定价值基于另一种货币或相关商品(比如黄金)。

Currency and Exchange货币和外汇: http://insuns.com/article/11968-1.html